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2042 Reduction in pulmonary vein size after atrial fibrillation ablation in the absence of pulmonary vein stenosis

Introduction

Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is an increasingly used treatment for atrial fibrillation. One serious complication of PVI is pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS). Even in patients without clinical PVS there may be a reduction in vein diameter post-procedure as measured on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). It is unclear whether all four pulmonary veins decrease in size uniformly.

Purpose

To find statistically significant changes between the four main pulmonary veins after atrial fibrillation ablation.

Methods

Twelve consecutive patients with a mean age of 60 years old undergoing PVI by a single operator underwent cardiac MRI pre and post ablation. PVI was performed using standard ablation techniques and MRI scans were conducted on a 1.5 Telsa system with a protocol optimized for pulmonary venography using a 3D CE MRA sequence. All analysis was performed using a ViewForm workstation. All four pulmonary vein diameters were measured pre and post procedure.

Results

Three patients (25%) had aberrant or accessory pulmonary veins. The median time between the pre-ablation and post-ablation scans was 151 (+/- 46) days. There was a significant reduction in pulmonary vein size post procedure of 1.5 mm (p = 0.002). Narrowing post-ablation was different between the four pulmonary veins (p < 0.05) with the left lower pulmonary vein showing greater change compared with the other three (-3.3 mm vs 0.92 mm, p = 0.013).

Conclusion

We found that even in patients without clinical pulmonary vein stenosis there is a reduction in vein diameter post ablation. There is a statistically significant difference in the narrowing between the four main pulmonary veins with the left lower pulmonary vein worst affected.

Author information

Correspondence to Daniel Zalkind.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Zalkind, D., Joshi, S., Richardson, A. et al. 2042 Reduction in pulmonary vein size after atrial fibrillation ablation in the absence of pulmonary vein stenosis. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 10, A311 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-10-S1-A311

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Keywords

  • Pulmonary Vein
  • Cardiac Magnetic Resonance
  • Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Pulmonary Vein Isolation
  • Atrial Fibrillation Ablation