Cine gradient echo imaging: ECG triggering versus retrospective ECG gating. Cine imaging is achieved by acquiring data for a single slice location at multiple time points throughout the cardiac cycle. Multiple images are then reconstructed at the corresponding time points, known as cardiac phases. These images are then viewed as a movie to allow the visualisation of cardiac motion and blood flow patterns. ECG triggering (top) initiates the data acquisition of the first cardiac phase immediately after the R-wave and acquires a predetermined number of cardiac phases. The data acquisition must stop before the end of the cardiac cycle to allow detection of the next R-wave. This results in the last part of the cardiac cycle not being imaged. Retrospective ECG gating (bottom) acquires data continuously and records the temporal position of the acquired data relative to the R-wave. The acquisition continues until k-space is filled for a sufficient number of time points and the data is sorted into cardiac phases retrospectively. This approach allows data to be assigned accurately to the end of the cardiac cycle, ensuring the whole of the cardiac cycle is imaged.