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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Peak oxygen uptake in relation to total heart volume discriminates heart failure patients from healthy volunteers and athletes

  Healthy volunteers Athletes Patients
Number n = 60 n = 71 n = 31
Gender (M/F) 40/20 41/30 26/5
Age (years) 35 ± 11 26 ± 7*** 54 ± 12***
Weight (kg) 75 ± 11 75 ± 11 80 ± 15
Height (m) 1.77 ± 0.08 1.78 ± 0.08 1.74 ± 0.08
SBP (mmHg) 127 ± 9 126 ± 9 107 ± 12***
DBP (mmHg) 74 ± 8 72 ± 8 69 ± 9**
VO2peak (ml min-1) 3102 ± 696 3866 ± 747*** 1309 ± 430***
VO2peakkg (ml min-1 kg-1) 41 ± 7 52 ± 7*** 16 ± 5***
LVEDV (ml) 183 ± 31 223 ± 39*** 280 ± 132***
LVM (g) 105 ± 25 130 ± 34*** 177 ± 87***
THV (ml) 793 ± 128 947 ± 169*** 1201 ± 460***
LVEF (%) 62 ± 6 58 ± 6** 37 ± 22***
  1. DBP = diastolic blood pressure, LVEDV = left ventricular end-diastolic volume, LVEF = left ventricular ejection fraction, LVM = left ventricular mass, SBP = systolic blood pressure, THV = total heart volume, VO2peak = peak oxygen uptake, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001 compared to the healthy volunteers