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Prognostic significance and determinants of myocardial salvage assessed by cardiovascular magnetic resonance in acute reperfused myocardial infarction

Introduction

In acute myocardial infarction cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging can retrospectively detect the myocardium at risk and the irreversible injury. This allows for quantifying the extent of salvaged myocardium after reperfusion as a potential strong end point for clinical trials and outcome.

Purpose

The aim of the present study was to determine the prognostic significance and determinants of myocardial salvage assessed by CMR in reperfused ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).

Methods

We analyzed 208 consecutive STEMI patients undergoing primary angioplasty <12 hours after symptom onset. T2-weighted and contrast-enhanced CMR was used to calculate the myocardial salvage index (MSI). Patients were categorized into 2 groups defined by the median MSI. The primary endpoint of the study was occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) defined as death, reinfarction and occurrence of new congestive heart failure within 6 months after the index event.

Results

The median MSI was 48 (interquartile range, 27-73). MACE was significantly lower in the MSI ≥ median group (2.9% versus 22.1%, p < 0.001). The Cox proportional hazards model revealed that MSI was the strongest predictor of MACE at 6 month follow-up (p = 0.03). All prognostic clinical (symptom-onset-to-reperfusion), angiographic (TIMI-flow grade before angioplasty) and electrocardiographic (ST-segment resolution) parameters showed significant correlations with MSI (p < 0.001, respectively).

Conclusion

This study for the first time demonstrates that MSI assessed by CMR imaging predicts outcome in acute reperfused STEMI. Therefore, MSI assessment has important implications for patient prognosis, as well as for the design of future trials intended to test new reperfusion therapy efficacy.

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Correspondence to Ingo Eitel.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Eitel, I., Desch, S., Sareban, M. et al. Prognostic significance and determinants of myocardial salvage assessed by cardiovascular magnetic resonance in acute reperfused myocardial infarction. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 12, O2 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-12-S1-O2

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Keywords

  • Acute Myocardial Infarction
  • Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
  • STEMI Patient
  • Major Adverse Cardiovascular Event
  • Primary Angioplasty