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The impact of asymmetry on aortic root measurements in patients with bicuspid aortic valves

Introduction

Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most common form of congenital heart disease. Current guidelines to direct surgical intervention are derived from echocardiographic measurements. Measurements of the aortic root using cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in this population have not been well studied but may allow better characterization of aortic root morphology.

Purpose

We sought to evaluate CMR derived aortic root measures and to correlate these with standard echocardiographic measures as obtained by 2D transthoracic echocardiography (TTE).

Methods

Steady-state free precession cine acquisitions across the aortic root in short axis in patients with a diagnosis of BAV from January 2006 to December 2008 were evaluated at our institution using a 1.5 T magnet. For each aortic root, end-systolic measurements were obtained in duplicate by a single observer from cusp-to-commissure (3 measurements: right, left and non-coronary cusps to opposite commissure respectively) and cusp-to-cusp (3 measurements: right-left, right-non and left-non coronary cusps) using CMR. Using TTE, measures of the aortic root were recorded from the parasternal long axis view. Aortic root asymmetry was defined by comparing the standard deviation (SD) of the average of the 3 measurements of an individual (SDi) to the SD of the entire population (SDp). Two groups were generated: symmetric (SDi < = SDp) and asymmetric (SDi > SDp) aortic roots.

Results

A total of 55 consecutive patients (37 males [67.3 %], mean age 32.4 ± 10.3 years) were included. The intra-reader reproducibility of each of the 6 CMR measurements was excellent (intra-class correlation coefficient > = 0.996 for all measures). For those with symmetric aortic roots, Pearson correlation coefficient for cusp-cusp measures by CMR as compared to TTE was r = 0.948 and for cusp-commissure measures was r = 0.952. For those with asymmetric aortic roots, Pearson correlation coefficient for cusp-cusp measures by CMR as compared to TTE was r = 0.798 and for cusp-commissure measures was r = 0.804. There was a statistically significant difference between the correlation coefficients between the symmetric and asymmetric groups for cusp-cusp measurements and near statistical significance for the cusp-commissure measurements for CMR as compared to TTE (p = 0.029 and p = 0.056, respectively).

Conclusion

Although there are good correlations between CMR and TTE derived measurements of the aortic root in patients with BAV, aortic root asymmetry decreases the strength of the correlation between CMR and TTE measurements. When there is aortic root asymmetry, cusp-commissure measurements obtained by CMR are better correlated with TTE measures as compared with cusp-cusp measurements.

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Correspondence to Felipe S Torres.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Torres, F.S., Crean, A.M., Nguyen, E.T. et al. The impact of asymmetry on aortic root measurements in patients with bicuspid aortic valves. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 12, P139 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-12-S1-P139

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Keywords

  • Congenital Heart Disease
  • Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
  • Aortic Root
  • Bicuspid Aortic Valve
  • Root Morphology