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Patient selection and definition of transcatheter prosthesis size using magnetic resonance imaging: initial experience

Introduction

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement requires accurate analysis of aortic annulus, ascending aorta as well as the relation between the aortic annulus and origin of the coronary arteries for correct patient and prosthesis size selection. Multislice computed tomography (MSCT) is currently the preferred imaging modality for preprocedural planning. However, MSCT is associated with radiation exposure and the need for contrast administration.

Purpose

This study evaluated whether patient selection and definition of transcatheter prosthesis size can also be derived using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR).

Methods

13 patients (age 79 ± 7) with severe aortic stenosis evaluated for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (Corevalve®) underwent dual-source MSCT (Definition, Siemens, Forchheim, Germany) and CMR (1.5 Tesla, Achieva, Philips, Best, the Netherlands) to define aortic annulus, bulbus and ascending aorta dimensions as well as the distance from the aortic annulus to the left coronary artery. For CMR non-contrast-enhanced navigator-gated 3-D whole heart acquisition was conducted (voxel size 1.2 × 1.2 × 1.8, TR/TE 4.9/2.9, flip angle 100°). CMR-images were analyzed using a 3D-reconstruction tool (EWS, Philips, the Netherlands). Coronal CT-images were reconstructed for evaluation at an external workstation.

Results

The aortic annulus diameter was 24 ± 2 mm by MSCT and 24 ± 2 mm by CMR (limits of agreement 3%, r = 0.7, p < 0.001). The diameter of the ascending aorta was 32 ± 4 mm by MSCT and 30 ± 3 mm by CMR (limits of agreement 6%, r = 0.7, p < 0.01). The aortic bulbus diameter was 33 ± 2 mm with MSCT and 30 ± 3 mm measured by CMR (limits of agreement ± 6%, r = 0.4, p = 0.29).

The distance of the aortic annulus to the left coronary artery was 14 ± 2 mm by MSCT and 14 ± 2 mm by CMR (limits of agreement 2.2%, r = 0.84, p < 0.01). Based on MSCT measurements, all patients were accepted for aortic revalving. 11 patients (80%) were selected to receive a 26 mm Corevalve® prothesis and 2 patients (15%) were selected to receive a 29 mm prothesis. Based on CMR-measurements the same decision was made in all cases (100%).

Conclusion

CMR allows accurate analysis of aortic annulus and ascending aorta dimensions without the need for radiation or contrast-agent exposure. It is non-inferior to MSCT for patient selection and definition of transcatheter prosthesis size. The slight differences between these two methods may be explained by the inferiority of CMR to visualize calcification.

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Correspondence to Florian Bönner.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Bönner, F., Balzer, J., Hoffmann, R. et al. Patient selection and definition of transcatheter prosthesis size using magnetic resonance imaging: initial experience. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 12, P80 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-12-S1-P80

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Keywords

  • Cardiac Magnetic Resonance
  • Aortic Stenosis
  • Left Coronary Artery
  • Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement
  • Aortic Annulus