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Presence of transmural posterolateral scar by LGE MRI is associated with non-response to CRT
© Oshinski et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2011
Published: 2 February 2011
Evaluate the effect of myocardial scar burden, scar location, and scar transmurality on response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT)
Several recent single center studies have used late Gadolinium enhancement (LGE) MRI to predict which patients would likely not respond to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Results from these studies have varied on the importance of scar location, transmurality, and burden on response to CRT. We analyzed cardiac MRI in patients undergoing CRT from 4 centers (two in Europe and two in the US), and hypothesized that the presence of transmural scar in the posterolateral wall (the most frequent site of left ventricular lead placement in CRT) would preclude positive response to CRT.
Cardiac MRI was performed according to standard methods and included at a minimum, cine imaging and LGE imaging using a Gadolinium-based contrast agent. All patients met current criteria for CRT (LVEF<35%, QRS>120 msec). Sixty (60) patients from 4 centers were analyzed, and any patient with infarct enhancement on LGE by visual inspection was processed into an LGE bullseye map following AHA guidelines. Total scar burden (as % of LV mass) as well as the presence of transmural scar in the posterolateral or septal segments were assessed. 48% of patients (29/60) patients had LGE and 59% of those (17/29) had transmural scar in at least one AHA segment. Positive response was assessed at 6 months both by clinical (increase of 20% in 6 minute hall walk distance) and echocardiographic (reduction of LVESV by 15%) parameters.
None of the patients with transmural posterolateral scar responded by clinical criteria, and only one patient with posterolateral scar responded by echocardiographic criteria (negative predictive value, NPV = 90%). The negative predictive value for the presence of transmural septal scar or total scar burden >15% were lower (NPV = 64-67%).
The presence of transmural posterolateral scar by LGE is predictive of non-response to CRT.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.