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Table 2 Analysis of covariance summary results: Comparisons between steroid only vs. steroid plus ACEI_ARB (medication) adjusted for age as continuous variable.

From: Effects of steroids and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition on circumferential strain in boys with duchenne muscular dystrophy: a cross-sectional and longitudinal study utilizing cardiac magnetic resonance imaging

  Medication Age
Response Variable F-statistics P-value F-statistics P-value
Heart Rate (bpm) 1.11 0.2930 0.00 0.9979
LVEDV (mL) 1.33 0.2503 37.01 <0.0001
LVM (g) 2.19 0.1405 64.38 <0.0001
EF (%) 0.03 0.8594 9.10 0.0029
εcc (%) 1.74 0.1885 30.85 <0.0001
  1. Abbreviations: ACE-I = Angiotension Converting Enzyme Inhibitor, ARB = Angiotension Receptor Block, bpm = beat per minute, εcc = Circumferential Strain, EF = Ejection Fraction, LVEDV = Left Ventricular Endiastolic Volume, LVM = Left Ventricular Mass.