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Relationship between location and size of myocardial infarction and their reciprocal influences on post-infarction left ventricular remodeling

Background

Patients with anterior MI experience worse LV remodeling and dysfunction than non-anterior MI patients. It remains unclear whether this difference is due to larger MI size or whether infarct location plays a role beyond MI size.

Study aim

To assess the relationship between myocardial infarction (MI) location and size and their reciprocal influences on post-infarction left ventricular (LV) remodeling.

Methods

A cohort of 260 reperfused ST-segment elevation MI patients was studied with cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) at 1-week (baseline) and 4-month (follow-up). Area at risk (AAR) and MI size were quantified by T2-weighted and late gadolinium enhancement imaging, respectively. Adverse LV remodeling was defined as increase in LV end-systolic volume ≥15% at follow-up.

Results

One-hundred twenty-seven(49%) patients had anterior MI and 133(51%) patients had non-anterior MI. Although the degree of myocardial salvage was similar between groups (p=0.74), anterior MI patients had larger AAR and MI size than non-anterior MI patients yielding worse regional and global LV function at baseline and follow-up. At univariable analysis, anterior MI was associated with increased risk of adverse LV remodeling (p=0.017) and lower LV ejection-fraction at follow-up (p=0.001), but not when accounted for baseline MI size. Accordingly, at multivariable analysis baseline MI size but not its location was an independent predictor of adverse LV remodeling (OR=1.061, p<0.001) and ejection-fraction at follow-up (Beta-coefficient=-0.255, p<0.001).

Conclusions

Anterior MI patients experience more pronounced post-infarction LV remodeling and dysfunction than non-anterior MI patients due to greater magnitude of irreversible ischemic LV damage without any independent contribution of MI location.

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Correspondence to Pier Giorgio Masci.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Masci, P.G., Ganame, J., Francone, M. et al. Relationship between location and size of myocardial infarction and their reciprocal influences on post-infarction left ventricular remodeling. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 13, P84 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-13-S1-P84

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Keywords

  • Myocardial Infarction
  • Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
  • Late Gadolinium Enhancement
  • Left Ventricular Remodel
  • Myocardial Salvage