Cardiovascular changes in patients with adult-onset growth hormone deficiency assessed by CMR
© Dattani et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2012
Published: 1 February 2012
The study investigated cardiovascular changes in adult-onset growth hormone deficiency (GHD) and showed that patients with adult-onset GHD have a left ventricular mass index (LVMi) at or below the lower limit of normal, which improves with one year of growth hormone replacement.
GHD causes cardiovascular problems, with loss of cardiac response to exercise and increased cardiac mortality, however the underlying processes are poorly understood.
Ten patients with adult-onset GHD and age- and sex-matched controls (n=10) underwent CMR. Patients underwent scans before disease treatment and at twelve months after treatment. Cardiac parameters were calculated and indexed to body surface area (BSA). The comparison between groups was done using Mann-U-Whitney test and within the group using Wilcoxon test. The data are presented as median values.
Patients with GHD did not have significantly different left ventricle (LV) mass or volumetric parameters from controls: LV mass index (LVMi) 55.0 vs. 56.6 g/m2, p=0.315; end diastolic volume index (EDVi) 69.2 vs. 76.3 ml/m2, p=0.1655; end systolic volume index (ESVi) 24.8 vs. 28.3 ml/m2, p=0.3527 and ejection fraction (EF) 64 vs. 63 %, p=0.8197. However, patients had an LVMi beneath the lower limit of normal when compared to published normal ranges (55.4 - 74.0 g/m2).
There were no differences between right ventricular (RV) EDVi (68.0 vs. 80.8 ml/m2, p=0.393), ESVi (26.2 vs. 27.5, p=0.7394) and EF (63 vs. 61 %, p=0.9696) in the GHD group and controls.
Patients with GHD on GH treatment for 1 year showed an increase in median insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) SDS from -1.83 to +0.40 (p=0.0068). There was no correlation between LVMi and IGF-I SDS (r=0.164, p=0.657). At one year the median LVMi moved into the previously published normal range (55.0 to 63.0 g/m2, normal range 55.4 - 74.0) achieving statistical significance compared to pre-treatment values (p=0.0156).
Patients with adult-onset GHD have an LVMi at or below the lower limit of normal, which improves with one year of growth hormone replacement.
Supported by departmental grants by Pfizer and Novartis.
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