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- Open Access
Assessment of significant coronary artery stenosis using blood oxygen level dependent cardiovascular magnetic resonance (BOLD-CMR)
© Harker et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2012
- Published: 1 February 2012
- Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
- Fractional Flow Reserve
- Blood Oxygen Level Dependent
- Adenosine Infusion
- Blood Oxygen Level
Oxygenation-sensitive CMR at 1.5T can be used to identify functionally significant coronary artery stenosis, by demonstrating a blunted response to adenosine induced hyperaemia. Image quality remains a limitation.
Using the magnetic properties of hemoglobin, changes in myocardial tissue oxygenation can be detected with blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) cardiovascular MRI (CMR). The study aim was to assess whether BOLD-CMR images can detect an abnormal myocardial tissue response to adenosine infusion in patients with CAD, when compared to fractional flow reserve (FFR).
Patients undergoing clinically indicated coronary angiography underwent BOLD CMR scans using a clinical 1.5T scanner. Three short axis BOLD cine images were captured at baseline and during adenosine-induced coronary hyperemia. The mean segmental percent signal intensity (SI) changes were calculated between baseline and hyperemia in the subendocardial myocardium using the 16-segment model. Segments were defined as ischemic or non-ischemic by FFR (cut-off <0.80). The segment with the lowest BOLD SI percent change per patient was used for analysis.
Thirty-two patients were enrolled, 5 patients were excluded due to incomplete CMR, leaving 27 patients (age 61 ± 10 years) for analysis. There were 864 myocardial segments (baseline and adenosine) available for analysis, 289 were subtended by a coronary artery with an available FFR value. Eighty-two segments (28%) were excluded due to pre-defined criteria for poor image quality, 67% were apical. From the remaining 20 patients, 7 had ischemic FFR values and 13 had non ischemic FFR values. Using the segment with the lowest % BOLD SI change per patient there was a significant difference between ischemic -6.49% ± -8.65% and non ischemic 4.21 ± 4.94% (p=0.0023) patients. Using a cut off value of 1.1% SI change the sensitivity is 86%, specificity 69%, positive predictive value 0.6 and negative predictive value 0.9.
A blunted hyperemic response to adenosine as assessed by oxygenation-sensitive CMR at 1.5T can identify functionally significant coronary artery stenosis. However, image quality, mainly in apical segments, remains a limitation.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.