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Table 2 Procedural details

From: Real-time cardiovascular magnetic resonance subxiphoid pericardial access and pericardiocentesis using off-the-shelf devices in swine

Effusion size # of needle attempts Trajectory planning time min Access time min Total procedure time min
None 4 (2–4) 1:03 (0:37–2:50) 8:21 (1:40–13:45) 9:24 (4:30–14:22)
Small (50 ml) 2 (2–4) 0:36 (0:27–0:46) 6:03 (2:29–9:38) 6:40 (2:56–10:24)
Moderate (100 ml) *1 0:49 (0:44–1:35) 1:09 (0:24–1:11) 2:00 (1:08–2:44)
Large (150 ml) *1 1:04 (0:44–1:50) 0:57 (0:23–1:54) 2:38 (1:27–2:47)
  1. Values are median and range. * = p < 0.05 compared with no effusion. n = 3 per group.