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Table 1 Associations of Body Mass Index categories with extracellular volume fraction

From: Relationship of diffuse myocardial fibrosis to body composition: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atheroscelerosis (MESA)

  Body Mass Index
  <18.5 (Underweight) N=6 (1%) 18.5-40 N=581(95.5%) >40 (Very severely obese) N=21(3.5%)
Model 1* 3.53 (1.32 to 5.77); 0.002 Reference 0.75 (-0.45 to 1.96); 0.22
Model 2+ 3.35 (1.17 to 5.54); 0.003 Reference 1.04(-0.17 to 2.24); 0.09
Model 3# 3.37 (1.18 to 5.55); 0.003 Reference 1.02 (-0.19 to 2.23); 0.09
  1. Values are β (95% confidence interval), p value. *Adjusted for age, sex, and race. +Adjusted for Model 1 variables plus traditional risk factors (hypertension, smoking and diabetes). #Adjusted for Model 2 variables plus height.