Skip to main content

Myocardial blood flow and viability in children post palliation of hypoplastic left heart syndrome assessed with MRI

Background

Myocardial blood flow in the systemic right ventricle in Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome (HLHS) is largely unknown. We examined regional and global myocardial perfusion reserve, viability and function in HLHS after completion of Fontan circulation using MRI.

Methods

In 42 HLHS patients (6.0 ±2.3 yrs) and 14 healthy volunteers (6.8 ±3.9 yrs), MRI first-pass perfusion (0.03 mmol/kg Gd-DTPA; TR/TE/α=2.6/1.1/20°) and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) imaging was performed using a 3 Tesla scanner (Philips Achieva). Quantitative myocardial blood flow at rest and stress (Adenosin 140 mcg/kg/min) was calculated in 4 anatomical RV segments per slice using a model independent deconvolution. A total of 672 segments were analysed. CMR results were compared to conventional x-ray guided coronary angiography in all HLHS pts.

Results

HLHS patients showed impaired myocardial perfusion reserve (MPR, hyperemic/resting flow) as compared to the right or left ventricle of healthy children (2,4 ±0,6 vs. 3,1±0,9 (RV); p<0,05 or 2,58±0,70 vs. 3,4±1,13 (LV); p<0,01). HLHS subgroups with a large rudimentary LV (n=25) showed lower septal perfusion, areas of non-viable myocardium (20.8 vs 3%) and a lower cardiac index (2.3±0.7 vs. 3.3±0.8 l/m2/min; p<0,05). The diameter of the pre-coronary segment of the hypoplastic aorta did not correlate with myocardial blood flow. All HLHS patients had patent epicardial coronary arteries.

Conclusions

The global impairment of coronary flow reserve in HLHS patients after Fontan may indicate altered vasoreactivity due to extensive aortic surgery. Furthermore, in HLHS subgroups with a large rudimentary LV, scar tissue and a reduced cardiac index can be observed. These findings may be of prognostic significance for the long-term outcome in HLHS.

Funding

N/A.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Philip Wegner.

Rights and permissions

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Wegner, P., Jerosch-Herold, M., Hart, C. et al. Myocardial blood flow and viability in children post palliation of hypoplastic left heart syndrome assessed with MRI. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 17, O58 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-17-S1-O58

Download citation

Keywords

  • Late Gadolinium Enhancement
  • Myocardial Blood Flow
  • Coronary Flow Reserve
  • Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome
  • Myocardial Perfusion Reserve