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Reproducibility of functional aortic analysis using MRI: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis


To assess the test-retest, intra- and inter-reader reliability of thoracic aorta measurements by magnetic resonance image (MRI).


Twenty-five participants underwent aortic MRI twice over 13 ± 7 days. All aortic variables (ascending aortic area, descending aortic area, ascending and descending aortic strain [maximum area minus minimum area divided by minimum area], aortic arch transit time and pulse wave velocity [PWV]) from baseline and repeat MR were analyzed using a semi-automated method by the ARTFUN software. Phase contrast (PC) cine at the level of the pulmonary artery bifurcation was used for assessment of aortic area, aortic strain, and PWV. Steady State Free Precession (SSFP) sagittal images were used to measure aortic arch transit distance. To assess the inter-study reproducibility of aortic variables, we calculated intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) for individual aortic measurements. Intra- and inter-observer variability was also assessed using the baseline MR data.


The mean age of these Twenty-five participants was 66 ± 7 years (18 males and 7 females). Of these, 28% had diabetes mellitus, 56% were hypertensive, 64% were current smokers, and 16% had hyperlipidemia. Mean ascending aortic strain had moderate inter-study reproducibility (11.53 ± 6.44 vs. 10.55 ± 6.64, p = 0.443, ICC = 0.53, p < 0.01). Mean descending aortic strain and PWV had good inter-study reproducibility (descending aortic strain: 8.65 ± 5.30 vs. 8.35 ± 5.26, p = 0.706, ICC = 0.74, p < 0.001; PVW: 9.92 ± 4.18 vs. 9.94 ± 4.55, p = 0.968, ICC = 0.77, p < 0.001, respectively). All aortic variables had excellent intra- and inter-observer reproducibility (intra-observer: ICC range, 0.87 to 0.99, inter-observer: ICC range, 0.56 to 0.99, respectively).


Inter-study reproducibility of all aortic variables was acceptable. It was especially excellent in aortic area measurement. Intra-observer and inter-observer reproducibility of all aortic variables were also excellent. MRI can provide a repeatable method of measuring aortic functional parameters.


This study was supported by contracts N01-HC-95159 through N01-HC-95169 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and by grants UL1-RR-024156 and UL1-RR-025005 from NCRR.

Table 1 Inter-study reproducibility of Aortic function from MRI (n=25)

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Correspondence to Chikara Noda.

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Noda, C., Venkatesh, B.A., Ohyama, Y. et al. Reproducibility of functional aortic analysis using MRI: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 17, O67 (2015).

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  • Intraclass Correlation Coefficient
  • Pulse Wave Velocity
  • Minimum Area
  • Steady State Free Precession
  • Aortic Area