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- Open Access
Association of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T concentrations with the left ventricular global function index after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction
© Feistritzer et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2015
- Published: 3 February 2015
- Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
- Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction
- Creatine Kinase
- Cardiac Magnetic Resonance
The left ventricular global function index (LVGFI) is a novel indicator of cardiac performance. Recently, the LVGFI was linked to left ventricular ejection fraction and infarct characteristics in patients presenting with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). In this study we sought to investigate the association of serially measured high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-TnT) concentrations and LVGFI assessed early after acute STEMI.
122 patients with first STEMI (mean age 58 ± 11 years) reperfused by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (p-PCI) were enrolled in this observational study. All patients underwent cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging within the first week after STEMI. Left ventricular dimensions and function were measured by cine true-FISP sequences. hs-TnT concentrations were assessed serially for up to 48 hours after p-PCI by a commercially available immunoassay. Fisher's r to z transformation was applied for comparison of correlation coefficients.
The median delay to reperfusion was 205 min (IQR 144 to 391 min). The mean LVGFI was 35 ± 8 %. The median value of maximum hs-TnT concentrations was 5043 ng/l (IQR 2322 to 8104 ng/l). The LVGFI was significantly associated with maximum creatine kinase activity (r = -0.473, p < 0.001) and with maximum hs-TnT concentration (r = -0.478, p < 0.001). Statistically significant correlations were also detected between LVGFI and single time-point hs-TnT concentrations (all r < -0.422, all p < 0.001). Receiver operator characteristics analysis (area under the curve: 0.85, 95% CI 0.75 to 0.95) revealed hs-TnT concentrations measured 6 hours after p-PCI to most accurately predict a LVGFI below the median value of 34 %.
This study demonstrates that hs-TnT concentrations assessed serially after acute STEMI are associated with LVGFI. hs-TnT levels measured 6 hours after p-PCI best predicted a LVGFI below the median value.
Austrian Society of Cardiology.
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