Parameters of Right Ventricle as etiological distinction between ischemic and non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance volume 17, Article number: P311 (2015)
Dilated left ventricular volumes (VE) is one of the main factors of poor cardiovascular prognosis with systolic dysfunction. Myocardial fibrosis detected by late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) has been recognized in recent years as an independent prognostic factor in dilated cardiomyopathy, in addition to guiding the etiological diagnosis, and most often the only noninvasive way to differentiate ischemic and nonischemic. The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of myocardial fibrosis in patients with dilated LV and the morphological and functional differences between ischemic and non-ischemic patterns.
We analyzed 114 consecutive patients ≥ 35 years old who were undergoing CMR with LV volume ≥ 95 ml/m2 between March/2013 and August/2014. After identifying the prevalence of myocardial fibrosis, we analysed the morphological and functional differences between patients with ischemic pattern of LGE and non-ischemic pattern of LGE.
Patients were 57 ± 11 years old, BMI = 27.6 ± 5.0 kg / m2, LVEF = 43 ± 17%, RVEF = 57 ± 13% and 81% male. Sixty-two (54%) had myocardial fibrosis by LGE, including 36 (58%) with ischemic pattern and 25 (40%) with non-ischemic pattern, and one patient was excluded for presenting the two types of LGE. Among patients with myocardial fibrosis, those who exhibited a pattern of non-ischemic LGE had worse RVEF (50 ± 16% vs 62 ± 9%, p = 0.003) and greater RV volumes (RVEDVI/RVESVI 72±21/36±18 vs 59±15/22±8 ml/m2, p = 0.012/0.001), with no significant differences in age, sex, BMI, parameters of LV (volumes and EF) or heart rate during CMR performance. Regarding the number of LV segments affected by fibrosis, ischemic patients had more extensive disease (7.1±4.2 vs 3.7±3.2 segments, p = 0.001).
Patients with non-ischemic myocardial fibrosis pattern had higher RV volumes and worse RVEF, and myocardial fibrosis in fewer number of LV segments compared to ischemic pattern. Volumes and EF preserved RV might suggest ischemic etiology in patients under investigation for dilated cardiomyopathy.
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Gomes, H.A., Lamacié, M.M., Fernandes, F.V. et al. Parameters of Right Ventricle as etiological distinction between ischemic and non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 17 (Suppl 1), P311 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-17-S1-P311