Volume 17 Supplement 1

Abstracts of the 18th Annual SCMR Scientific Sessions

Open Access

Left ventricular remodeling following percutaneous edge-to-edge repair using Mitraclip

  • Bernard P Paelinck1,
  • Tom Vandendriessche2,
  • Dina De Bock1,
  • Paul M Parizel3,
  • Inez E Rodrigus1 and
  • Claeys J Marc2
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance201517(Suppl 1):P343

https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-17-S1-P343

Published: 3 February 2015

Background

Percutaneous edge-to-edge repair with MitraClip has been recommended as an alternative to conventional mitral valve repair in symptomatic severe mitral regurgitation at very high surgical risk. Data on the impact of MitraClip on left ventricular volumes are scarce. Therefore we aimed to assess left ventricular remodeling following MitraClip.

Methods

Consecutive patients scheduled for MitraClip were prospectively studied. Patients with pacemaker or ICD were excluded. Transthoracic echocardiography and CMR at 1.5 Tesla were performed before and 6 months after MitraClip procedure. Left ventricular volumes were measured using transthoracic echocardiography (biplane Simpson's method) and short-axis SSFP CMR images covering the left ventricle. Mitral insufficiency was graded using color Doppler flow mapping (grade 1-4).

Results

CMR was performed in 16 patients with symptomatic severe (grade 3 or 4) functional mitral regurgitation (median 73 years (range 45-87 years), M/F: 7/9, left ventricular ejection fraction (EF), 31% (20-73%), logistic EuroSCORE 23% (10-35%)). MitraClip reduced mitral regurgitation (residual grade 1 in 6 patients, grade 2 in 7 patients and grade 3 in 1 patient), but failed in 2 patients (residual grade 4). MitraClip caused intracavitary metallic artefacts at the base of the heart, but did not impede endocardial border definition. No change in left ventricular volumes was measured following successful MitraClip implantation (enddiastolic volume before MitraClip: 221 ml (102-334 ml) versus following MitraClip: 215 ml (79-284,5 ml) NS; endsystolic volume: 154 ml (31-248 ml) versus 145 ml (40-240 ml) NS and ejection fraction: 31% (20-73%) versus 32% (16-61%) NS). Negative remodeling occurred in both patients with MitraClip failure (enddiastolic volume before MitraClip:330 and 250 ml versus following MitraClip: 370 and 260 ml respectively, endsystolic volume:224 and 184 ml versus 258 and 213 ml respectively). There was a high correlation between biplane Simpson's method and CMR assessed left ventricular enddiastolic (r=0.93, P<0.001) and endsystolic (r=0.95, P<0.001) volumes.

Conclusions

CMR allowed precise assessment of left ventricular volumes. Despite reduction of mitral regurgitation, no change of left ventricular volumes was measured at 6 months follow-up.

Funding

N/A.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Cardiac Surgery, Antwerp University Hospital
(2)
Cardiology, Antwerp University Hospital
(3)
Radiology, Antwerp university Hospital

Copyright

© Paelinck et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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