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Table 1 CMR findings in GCA patients.

From: Dilatation of the thoracic aorta and increased arterial stiffness is common in patients with giant cell arteritis - preliminary findings from a cardiac magnetic resonance study

Measurement All patients n = 49 Male n = 14 Female n = 35 p-value*
Ascending aorta, mm 35±5 35±4 34±6 0.27
Corrected ascending aorta, mm/m2 20±5 18±1 20±1 0.22
Aortic Arch, mm 25±3 27±2 24±3 0.02
Descending Aorta, mm 28±3 29±3 28±4 0.03
Corrected descending aorta, mm/m2 16±2 15±1 16±2 0.42
Dilated AsAo#, n (%) 9 (18) 0 (0) 9 (26) 0.03
Dilated DsAo#, n (%) 30 (61) 4 (30) 26 (74) <0.01
Dilated AsAo or DsAo#, n (%) 30 (61) 4 (30) 26 (74) <0.01
Aortic distensibility, 10-3mmHg-1, median (IQR) 0.9 (0.8) 0.7 (1.0) 0.9 (0.6) 0.71
Pulse wave velocity, m/s 11±3 11±4 11±3 0.90
  1. Data presented as mean±SD unless otherwise stated. *Appropriate parametric/non-parametric tests applied between male and female groups after normality assessments. #Corrected aortic measurements plotted on extrapolated age/sex nomograms [Davis et al. 2014. JCMR. 16(1):9].