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Left atrium dysfunction by CMR in aortic valve stenosis
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance volume 17, Article number: P6 (2015)
Cardiac Magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging is able to characterize with high accuracy left atrial (LA) size and volumes as well as dense myocardial fibrosis. The addition of functional parameters such as LA myocardial strain would enhance CMR usefulness for a comprehensive LA characterization. Our aim was to evaluate the ability of strain values obtained by CMR to characterize LA functional alterations in the setting of aortic valve stenosis (AVS).
We studied 10 elderly healthy subjects (64±6y.) and 20 patients with aortic valve stenosis (73±15y), effective aortic area: 0.67±0.36cm2 and mean gradient: 38.8±20.6mmHg) who underwent MRI exam on 1.5T magnet, including three SSFP long axis cine loops. A validated custom feature tracking algorithm was used on this data to calculate global and regional, longitudinal strain (Sl), longitudinal strain-rate (SRl), radial motion fraction (Mr) and radial relative velocity on standardized LA segments. These functional parameters were assessed for reservoir, conduit and LA contraction phases. LA volumes were calculated using the Qmass software.
LA volumes and ejection fraction were significantly lower in AVS (p<0.05). For all LA phases, longitudinal strain values were significantly (p<0.04) reduced in AVS patients (reservoir phase : 22.6±4.9% for controls and 12.4±6.5% for AVS; conduit phase :8.7±3.1% for controls and 2.7±1.8% for AVS and LA contraction phase: 14.0±4.1% for controls and 9.8±5.9% for AVS). Same trend was observed for radial measurements with MrR=26.8±5.5%MrE=11.6±2.7% and MrA=15.3±4.1% being higher for controls than AVS patients MrR=13.8±7.4%, MrE=3.3±2.3% and MrA=10.4±6.9% (p<0.01). Longitudinal strain rates and radial relative velocities were also significantly reduced in AVS (p<0.02) for reservoir, conduit and LA contractionphases. Longitudinal reservoir strain to LA contraction ratio (1.4±0.4 vs. 1.7±0.3, p=0.01) and radial motion fraction ratio (1.8±0.2 vs. 1.5±0.8, p=0.002) were significantly lower in AVS. Regarding strain rate and relative velocity, only radial relative velocity E' to A' ratio was significantly reduced in AVS (0.7±0.3 vs. 0.5±0.3, p=0.02).
Conventional and standardized cine SSFP images analyzed with feature tracking resulted in LA functional parameters which fully described atrial myocardial function with its longitudinal and radial components and its reservoir, conduit and LA contraction phases. Such parameters were able to characterize LA functional impairment secondary to AVS. The addition of the proposed feature tracking tool might enhance the diagnostic value of routine LA assessment in CMR.
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Evin, M., Redheuil, A., Lamy, J. et al. Left atrium dysfunction by CMR in aortic valve stenosis. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 17, P6 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-17-S1-P6
- Cardiac Magnetic Resonance
- Leave Atrial
- Functional Parameter
- Longitudinal Strain
- Aortic Valve Stenosis