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Prediction of functional recovery by cardiac magnetic resonance feature tracking imaging in first time ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Comparison to infarct size and transmurality by late gadolinium enhancement

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Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance201517 (Suppl 1) :P87

https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-17-S1-P87

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Infarct Size
  • Cardiac Magnetic Resonance
  • Functional Recovery
  • Late Gadolinium Enhancement
  • Longitudinal Strain

Background

To investigate whether myocardial deformation imaging, assessed by a noninvasive post-processing feature tracking algorithm (FTI) on regular cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) cine images, would allow objective quantification of regional and global left ventricular (LV) strain and provide the estimation of functional recovery in patients with first time ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).

Methods

Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging was performed in 74 consecutive patients (mean age: 57 ± 12yrs.) 2-4 days after successfully reperfused STEMI, using a 1.5T whole body MR scanner (Philips Achieva). Peak systolic circumferential and longitudinal strain were measured using the feature tracking algorithm applied to SSFP cine sequences and were compared to infarct size, determined by late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). Follow-up CMR at 6 months after STEMI was performed in order to assess follow-up ejection fraction, which deemed as the reference standard for the estimation of function.

Results

Significant correlations were observed between global circumferential and longitudinal strain with infarct size by LGE (r=0.75, 95%CI=0.63-0.83 and r=0.45, 95%CI=0.24-0.61, respectively). During the follow-up period 53 of 74 (72%) patients exhibited preserved residual ejection fraction≥50%. A cut-off value of -19.3% for global circumferential strain identified patients with preserved ejection fraction ≥50% at follow-up with sensitivity of 76% and specificity of 85% (AUC=0.86, 95%CI=0.75-0.93, p<0.001), which was superior to that provided by longitudinal strain (ΔAUC=0.13, SE=0.05, zstatistic= 2.5, p=0.01), and non-inferior to that provided by LGE (ΔAUC=0.07, p=NS). Multivariate analysis showed that global circumferential strain and LGE exhibited independent value for the prediction of preserved LV-function, surpassing that provided by age, diabetes and baseline ejection-fraction (HR=1.4, 95%CI=1.0-1.9 and HR=1.4, 95%CI=1.1-1.7, respectively, p<0.05 for both).

Conclusions

Estimation of circumferential strain by FTI provides objective assessment of infarct size without the need for contrast agent administration and estimation of functional recovery with non-inferior accuracy compared to that provided by LGE.

Funding

N/A.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Cardiology, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
(2)
TomTec Imaging Systems, Munich, Germany

Copyright

© Giusca et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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