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First-pass stress perfusion MR Imaging findings of apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: with relation to LV wall thickness and late Gadolinium-enhancement
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance volume 17, Article number: Q66 (2015)
To evaluate the prevalence and pattern of perfusion defect (PD) on first-pass stress perfusion MR imaging in relation with the degree of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and late gadolinium-enhancement (LGE) in patients with apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (APH).
Cardiac MR imaging with first-pass stress perfusion, cine, and LGE sequence was performed in 26 patients with APH from January 2008 to December 2012. We analyzed a total of 416 segments for LV wall thickness on end-diastolic phase of cine images, and evaluated the number of hypertrophied segment and number of consecutive hypertrophied segment (NCH). We assessed the presence or absence of PD and LGE from all patients. If there was PD, we subdivided the pattern into sporadic (sporadic-PD) or ring (ring-PD). Using univariate logistic method, we obtained the independent predictor for presence of overall PD and ring-PD.
PD on stress perfusion MRI was observed in 20 patients (76.9%), 12 of them (60%) showed ring-PD. Maximal LV wall thickness and number of hypertrophied segment were independent predictors for overall PD (all, p < 0.05). NCH with more than 3 segments was an additional independent factor for ring-PD. However, LGE was not statistically related with PD in patients with APH.
About three quarters of the patients with APH showed PD, most of them represented as ring-PD. LVH degree or distribution was related with pattern of PD, however, LGE was not related with PD. Therefore, the clinical significance of PD in the patients with APH seems to be different from those with non-APH, and further comparison study between the two groups should be carried out.
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Yoo, J.Y., Chun, E.J., Kim, YK. et al. First-pass stress perfusion MR Imaging findings of apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: with relation to LV wall thickness and late Gadolinium-enhancement. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 17, Q66 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-17-S1-Q66
- Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
- Perfusion Defect
- Stress Perfusion
- Apical Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
- Hypertrophied Segment