Skip to content


Volume 18 Supplement 1

19th Annual SCMR Scientific Sessions

  • Poster presentation
  • Open Access

Role of adenosine Stress CMR before Chronic Total Occlusion reopening

  • 1, 2,
  • 3,
  • 4,
  • 2,
  • 1 and
  • 2
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance201618 (Suppl 1) :P80

  • Published:


  • Late Gadolinium Enhancement
  • Perfusion Abnormality
  • Chronic Total Occlusion
  • Perfusion Stress
  • Adenosine Infusion


Conflicting data exists on the usefulness of a perfusion stress test prior to reopening a chronically occluded coronary artery (CTO). We sought to test whether a stress MR may improve patient selection for Chronic Total Occlusion (CTO) reopening over a conventional LGE study.


70 CTO patients without any other relevant coronary artery stenosis (or already treated if present at baseline angiography), underwent an adenosine stress CMR before a reopening attempt. ECG and echocardiographic (echo) data were available for all. Patients were considered suitable for the reopening procedure in case of myocardial ischemia and / or viable myocardium subtended to the CTO.

Presence of a previous myocardial infarction (MI) was defined at ECG: Q waves > 40 msec; at echo: akinetic areas with reduced wall thickness; at stress MR: presence of ischemic Late gadolinium Enhancement.

Presence of myocardial ischemia was defined as a subendocardial perfusion defect lasting for at least 4 heart beats during adenosine infusion in a segment without LGE.


ISCHEMIA: adenosine stress MR showed a perfusion abnormality in 100% of CTO territory. Inducible ischemia was observed in 71% of cases, with a perfect concordance with CTO occlusion.

PREVIOUS MI: using CMR as the gold standard for the diagnosis, the prevalence was globally high: 69% in our series. Both ECG and echo significantly underestimate this data (36% and 53% respectively). Presence of LGE in different sites from the CTO territory was often observed: in fact, only 58% of patients with LGE had it exactly in the CTO territory. At echo, 82% of pts with wall motion abnormality (WMA) had it described in CTO segments: this can be explained with a portion of patients with viable, non-ischemic myocardium. The true prevalence of LGE in CTO segments was 40% for the whole population, but only 13% (n = 9) of patients showed a mean LGE transmurality >50%, contraindicating a reopening attempt. These patients were not identified by echo that identified 30 patients with akinetic areas subtended to a CTO.


Perfusion stress MR did not show any additional diagnostic value in our population of patients with CTO and known coronary anatomy, since a perfusion abnormality was observed in all patients.

LGE analysis showed a 13% prevalence of transmural MI in CTO territories: this important information can't be obtained with a baseline diagnostic approach and should encourage the use of LGE MR before a CTO reopening.
Table 1

Previous MI in CTO patients


ECG (Q waves)

ECHO (akinesia + wall < 6 mm)

Ischemic LGE pattern

Global prevalence of diagnostic criterion

36% (n = 25)

53% (n = 37)

69% (n = 48)

Correct site of a positive criterion

80% (n = 20)

81% (n = 30)

58% (n = 28)

Previous MI in the CTO territory

29% (n = 20)

43%(n = 30)

40% (n = 28)

Authors’ Affiliations

Radiology, Humanitas Research Hospital, Rozzano (MI), Italy
Cardiology department, Istituto Clinico Humanitas, Rozzano, Italy
Cardiology, Ospedale di Novara, Novara, Italy
Cardiology, IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico di Milano, Milano, Italy