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Table 3 Hypertensives without versus Hypertensives with LVH

From: Extracellular volume quantification in isolated hypertension - changes at the detectable limits?

  Hypertensives no LVH Hypertensives with LVH  
  n = 26 n = 14 p-value
T1 mapping
T1 Blood (ms) 1564 ± 61 1614 ± 83 0.02
T1 Myocardium (ms) 948 ± 31 997 ± 27 <0.001
ECV by ShMOLLI (%) 26.2 ± 2.2 28.8 ± 2.8 <0.01
Clinical
Men 16 (62 %) 5 (35 %) 0.12
Age in years (IQR) 57.8 ± 12.2 53.2 ± 17.5 0.4
Height (cm) 171 ± 10.4 168.5 ± 6.1 0.44
Weight (kg) 86.6 ± 16.9 86.6 ± 13.8 1
Body surface area (m2) 2.02 ± 0.24 2.01 ± 0.18 0.79
Body mass index (kg/m2) 29.5 ± 4.7 30.4 ± 4.2 0.49
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 150.1 ± 18.0 155.5 ± 15.7 0.35
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 87.1 ± 11.7 90.0 ± 8.4 0.35
eGFR (ml/min/1.73 m2) 83.6 ± 18.8 76.4 ± 24.2 0.23
Haematocrit (%) 0.43 ± 0.03 0.42 ± 0.05 0.39
Number of antihypertensives (0/1/2/3/4/5/6) 3/5/8/6/2/1/1 4/0/5/1/2/2/0  
CMR
EDV index (ml/m2) 66.2 ± 11.7 82.5 ± 20.5 0.02
ESV index (ml/m2) 19.9 ± 7.2 29.4 ± 14.4 0.05
LVEF (%) 70.7 ± 7.3 65.9 ± 10.9 0.16
LAA index (cm/m2) 10.9 ± 2.1 13.3 ± 2.5 <0.01
Maximal wall thickness (mm) 10.9 ± 1.6 13.8 ± 2.6 <0.001
LV mass index (g/m2) 68.6 ± 11.8 112.4 ± 39.6 <0.001
LV mss/EDV (g/ml) 1.07 ± 0.26 1.41 ± 0.5 0.05
Transverse strain 34.0 ± 11.8 30.8 ± 9.4 0.21
Longitudinal strain −18.7 ± 5.4 −17.4 ± 3.8 0.41
Circumferential strain −24.7 ± 5.3 −24.6 ± 3.8 0.64
Radial strain 37.3 ± 13.1 35.4 ± 7.1 0.94
Late enhancement, n (%) 5 (19) 6 (43) 0.15
Electrocardiogram
Sokolov-Lyon index 22.3 ± 4.8 32.5 ± 13.1 <0.01
Cornell voltage criteria 13.7 ± 5.2 21.1 ± 8.7 <0.01
Aortic stiffness
Pulse wave velocity 7.7 ± 1.5 8.4 ± 1.6 0.15
Augmentation index 17.0 ± 5.7 13.6 ± 6.6 0.18
Aortic systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 141.5 ± 14.9 167.4 ± 27.2 <0.01
Aortic pulse pressure (mmHg) 54.6 ± 13.4 64.3 ± 17.2 0.13
Diastolic function on echocardiogram
E/A 0.9 ± 0.3 1.1 ± 0.5 0.7
E/e’ septal 10.3 ± 2.9 12.9 ± 7.3 0.36
E/e’ lateral 8.0 ± 2.3 12.9 8 ± 6.4 <0.01
Diastolic grade (I/II/III/IV) 3/18/5/0 0/6/7/1 <0.01