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Table 3 Qualitative scoring data

From: Improved dark blood imaging of the heart using radial balanced steady-state free precession

    Image quality Fat suppression Blood nulling RV wall visibility LV wall visibility Septum visibility
Weighting Slice Orientation N Radial bSSFP Cart. FSE Radial bSSFP Cart. FSE Radial bSSFP Cart. FSE Radial bSSFP Cart. FSE Radial bSSFP Cart. FSE Radial bSSFP Cart. FSE
T1 Short-axis 13 4.2 (0.4)* 3.7 (0.5) 4.3 (0.3)** 3.7 (0.3) 4.3 (0.6) 4.3 (0.3) 4.1 (0.6)** 3.1 (0.8) 4.7 (0.3)* 3.9 (0.7) 4.7 (0.4)* 4.2 (0.5)
T1 Four-chamber 7 3.8 (0.3)* 3.0 (0.5) 3.8 (0.4)* 3.1 (0.8) 3.5 (0.6) 3.1 (0.7) 3.9 (0.3)* 2.6 (0.4) 4.1 (0.2) 3.9 (0.4) 4.3 (0.3)* 3.5 (0.4)
T1 Any 20 4.0 (0.4)** 3.4 (0.6) 4.2 (0.4)*** 3.5 (0.6) 4.0 (0.7) 3.8 (0.7) 4.0 (0.5)*** 2.9 (0.7) 4.5 (0.4)** 3.9 (0.6) 4.5 (0.4)** 4.0 (0.6)
T2 Short-axis 20 3.7 (0.7)* 3.2 (0.9) 4.2 (0.4)*** 3.6 (0.5) 3.4 (0.7)** 4.0 (0.6) 3.7 (0.9)** 2.7 (1.0) 4.1 (0.8)** 3.3 (1.0) 4.4 (0.8) 4.0 (0.9)
T2 Four-chamber 1 3 4 4 4 3 3.5 3.5 3 4 4 4 4
T2 Any 21 3.7 (0.7) 3.3 (0.9) 4.2 (0.4)*** 3.6 (0.5) 3.4 (0.7)** 4.0 (0.6) 3.7 (0.9)** 2.7 (1.0) 4.1 (0.8)** 3.4 (1.0) 4.4 (0.8) 4.0 (0.9)
all comparisons 41 3.9 (0.6)** 3.4 (0.7) 4.2 (0.4)*** 3.5 (0.5) 3.7 (0.8) 3.9 (0.7) 3.8 (0.8)*** 2.8 (0.9) 4.3 (0.7)*** 3.6 (0.9) 4.5 (0.6)*** 4.0 (0.7)
  1. N denotes the number of pairwise comparisons
  2. Values from both readers were averaged. Data presented as mean (standard deviation)
  3. * P < 0.05, ** P < 0.01, *** P < 0.001 versus Cartesian (Cart.) FSE protocol; Wilcoxon signed-rank test