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Table 1 Characteristics of the subjects

From: Local coronary wall eccentricity and endothelial function are closely related in patients with atherosclerotic coronary artery disease

  Healthy subjects
(N = 16)
CAD patients
(N = 29)
p-value
Age – years
 Mean ± SD 57 ± 21.2 58 ± 14.8 0.86
 Range 25–80 37–83  
Male --no. (%) 8 (50) 21 (67) 0.37
Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction -- % N/A 59 ± 5.2  
Coronary artery imaged: Total segments 19 31  
 RCA alone --no. (%) 11 (69) 20 (69) NS
 LAD alone--no. (%) 3 (19) 7 (24) NS
 Both RCA and LAD --no. (%) 2 (12) 2 (7) NS
History of prior angioplasty N/A 9 (31)  
History of CABG N/A 1 (3)  
Significant multivessel CAD (>50% luminal stenosis in major epicardial coronary artery) N/A 7 (24)  
Body Mass Index (Mean ± SD)
(BMI, kg/m2)
26.0 ± 5.2 27.1 ± 5.9 0.49
CAD risk factorsa
Mean ± SD
0 1.3 ± 0.8 <0.001
ACE-inhibitor use --no. (%) 0 12 (39) <0.001
Beta-blocker use --no. (%) 0 15 (48) <0.001
Statin use --no. (%) 0 20 (69) <0.001
  1. Abbreviations: N/A not applicable, SD standard deviation, CAD coronary artery disease, RCA right coronary artery, LAD left anterior descending artery, ACE angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, NS non-significant
  2. aCAD risk factors excluding age and gender