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Table 1 Post-ablation atrial scar imaging techniques utilised in leading centres worldwide

From: Optimization of late gadolinium enhancement cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging of post-ablation atrial scar: a cross-over study

  Centre Subjects Timing post-gadolinium GBCA Dose Scanner Strength Slice thickness
Badger et al. (2010) [3] Utah, USA 144 15 min (repeated if ‘suboptimal’) 0.1 mmol/kg (Multihance) 1.5 T 2.5 mm
Taclas et al. (2010) [11] Boston, USA 19 15-20 min 0.2 mmol/kg (Magnevist) 1.5 T 4 mm
Hunter et al. (2013) [8] Imperial/Barts, London, UK 50 20 min 0.4 mmol/kg (Magnevist) 1.5 T 4 mm
Bisbal et al. (2014) [7] Barcelona, Spain 15 25-30 min 0.2 mmol/kg (Gadovist) 3 T 2.5 mm
Fukumoto et al. (2015) [4] John Hopkins, USA 20 10-32 min 0.2 mmol/kg (Magnevist) 1.5 T 2 mm
Harrison et al. (2015) [9] King’s College London, UK 20 20 min 0.2 mmol/kg (Gadovist) 1.5 T 4 mm
Akoum et al. (2015) [2] DECAAF, Multicentre 177 15 min 0.1–0.2 mmol/kg (Multiple agents) 1.5 T (9 centres)
3 T (5 centres)
2.5 mm
  1. In-plane resolution is 1.25 × 1.25 mm or 1.3 × 1.3 mm for all centres. GBCA: gadolinium based contrast agent. Note relaxivities vary significantly between GBCAs: Multihance r1 = 6.3 L mmol− 1 s− 1 (1.5 T) r1 = 5.5 L mmol− 1 s− 1 1 (3 T), Magnevist r1 = 4.1 L mmol− 1 s− 1 (1.5 T) r1 = 3.7 L mmol− 1 s− 1 1 (3 T), Gadovist r1 = 5.2 L mmol− 1 s− 1 (1.5 T) r1 = 5.0 L mmol− 1 s− 1 (3 T) [22]