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Table 4 Correlation between plaque measurements and cardiovascular risk factors

From: Assessment of longitudinal distribution of subclinical atherosclerosis in femoral arteries by three-dimensional cardiovascular magnetic resonance vessel wall imaging

  Plaque characteristics on CMR imaging
Presence of plaque Max WT Eccentricity index NWI Luminal stenosis
r p r p r p r p r p
Age, years 0.308 0.001 0.211 0.029 0.221 0.022 0.116 0.223 −0.096 0.452
Gender, male 0.300 0.002 0.202 0.037 0.246 0.011 −0.332 <0.001 −0.084 0.507
BMI, kg/m² 0.168 0.083 0.167 0.085 0.162 0.096 −0.111 0.255 −0.063 0.622
Smoke 0.090 0.357 0.054 0.579 0.101 0.301 0.022 0.820 0.041 0.746
Hypertension 0.315 0.001 0.305 0.001 0.320 0.001 0.145 0.135 0.154 0.224
Diabetes 0.135 0.170 0.057 0.565 0.071 0.474 0.100 0.308 0.033 0.799
Hyperlipidemia 0.162 0.103 0.202 0.042 0.166 0.096 −0.039 0.698 0.206 0.108
HDL, mmol/L −0.102 0.304 −0.142 0.150 −0.167 0.090 −0.033 0.740 −0.213 0.097
LDL, mmol/L 0.129 0.192 0.082 0.410 0.061 0.537 −0.077 0.435 −0.077 0.553
TG, mmol/L 0.200 0.040 0.303 0.002 0.281 0.004 0.123 0.213 0.218 0.089
TC, mmol/L 0.190 0.054 0.173 0.079 0.149 0.132 0.080 0.418 0.007 0.955
CHD −0.018 0.865 −0.044 0.668 0.016 0.876 0.121 0.237 −0.133 0.327
  1. BMI Body mass index, HDL High density lipoprotein, LDL Low density lipoprotein, TG Triglycerides, TC Total cholesterol, CHD Coronary heart disease, ABI Ankle-brachial index, Max WT Maximum wall thickness, NWI Normalized wall index