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Table 2 Cardiovascular magnetic resonance parameters in male and female athletes and control subjects

From: Prevalence and pattern of cardiovascular magnetic resonance late gadolinium enhancement in highly trained endurance athletes

  Male Female Athletes vs controls
Athletes
(n = 49)
Controls
(n = 42)
p-value Athletes
(n = 44)
Controls
(n = 30)
p-value
LVEF, % 56 ± 5 60 ± 5 0.004 58 ± 5 61 ± 4 0.003 0.001
LV mass index, g/m2 66 ± 10 49 ± 10 0.001 55 ± 8 40 ± 8 0.001 0.001
LVEDVI, ml/m2 109 ± 13 90 ± 15 0.001 98 ± 15 81 ± 9 0.001 0.001
LVESVI, ml/m2 47 ± 8 36 ± 8 0.001 41 ± 8 31 ± 5 0.001 0.001
LVSV, ml/m2 61 ± 8 53 ± 9 0.001 57 ± 10 50 ± 7 0.001 0.001
RVEF, % 52 ± 6 54 ± 5 0.201 54 ± 4 57 ± 5 0.013 0.034
RVEDVI, ml/m2 110 ± 15 82 ± 17 0.001 92 ± 16 72 ± 11 0.001 0.001
RVESVI, ml/m2 53 ± 11 38 ± 9 0.001 42 ± 8 31 ± 7 0.001 0.001
RVSVI, ml/m2 58 ± 9 44 ± 10 0.001 50 ± 9 41 ± 6 0.001 0.001
LAAI, cm2/m2 14 ± 2 12 ± 2 0.001 14 ± 2 13 ± 2 0.349 0.001
RAAI, cm2/m2 13 ± 2 12 ± 2 0.002 11 ± 2 10 ± 2 0.489 0.012
LGE present* 17 (35) 2 (5) 0.001 18 (41) 0 0.001 0.001
Pericardial effusion 1 (2) 5 (12) 0.059 15 (34) 16 (53) 0.100 0.068
  1. Values are mean SD or n (%). Values in bold indicate significant differences between groups
  2. LVEF Left ventricular ejection fraction, LVEDVI Left ventricular end-diastolic volume index, LVESVI Left ventricular end-systolic volume index, LVSVI Left ventricular stroke volume index, RVEF Right ventricular ejection fraction, RVEDVI Right ventricular end-diastolic volume index, RVESVI Right ventricular end-systolic volume index, RVSVI Right ventricular stroke volume indexd, LAAI Left atrial area index, RAAI Right atrial area index, LGE Late gadolinium enhancement
  3. *Two female athletes CMR study did not include late gadolinium enhancement sequence due to technical problems