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Table 1 Characteristics of Healthy Subjects and Patients with Suspected Dilated Cardiomyopathy

From: The application of exercise stress cardiovascular magnetic resonance in patients with suspected dilated cardiomyopathy

 Healthy Subjects (n = 100)Patients with suspected DCM (n = 60)P Value
CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS
 Age, years38 ± 1134 ± 140.102
 Males, n (%)48 (48)56 (93)<0.001
 BSA, m21.71 ± 0.221.92 ± 0.23<0.001
 BMI, kg/m222.7 ± 3.326.1 ± 5.8<0.001
 Physical Activity
  Inactive, n (%)13 (13)14 (23)0.406
  Moderately Inactive, n (%)11 (11)7 (12)
  Moderately Active, n (%)17 (17)9 (15)
  Active, n (%)59 (59)30 (50)
 Heart Rate, bpm70 ± 1368 ± 150.342
 Systolic Blood Pressure, mmHg120 ± 15122 ± 150.517
 Diastolic Blood Pressure, mmHg72 ± 1172 ± 140.703
CMR CHARACTERISTICS
 Indexed LV mass, g/m247 ± 966 ± 13<0.001
 Maximal Wall Thickness, mm7.5 ± 1.28.8 ± 1.6<0.001
 Indexed LV EDV, mL/m280 ± 11115 ± 20<0.001
 Indexed LV ESV, mL/m233 ± 763 ± 19<0.001
 LV Ejection Fraction, %59 ± 545 ± 9<0.001
 Indexed RV EDV, mL/m289 ± 13109 ± 26<0.001
 Indexed RV ESV, mL/m242 ± 1058 ± 16<0.001
 RV Ejection Fraction, %53 ± 647 ± 7<0.001
 Circumferential Strain, %−23.3 ± 2.7−16.0 ± 3.7<0.001
 Radial Strain, %50.6 ± 10.128.1 ± 9.5<0.001
 Longitudinal Strain, %−20.9 ± 2.4−16.4 ± 3.6<0.001
  1. Abbreviations: BSA Body surface area, BMI Body mass index, LV Left ventricular, RV Right ventricular, DCM Dilated cardiomyopathy, EDV end-diastolic volume, ESV end-systolic volume