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1001 Greater degree of left ventricular scar is associated with increased mortality in patients with severe ischemic cardiomyopathy


Patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) have reduced survival. Delayed hyperenhancement magnetic resonance imaging (DHE-MRI) accurately measures myocardial scar. We sought to determine if extent of left ventricular (LV) scar is associated with survival in severe ICM patients.


349 patients with severe ICM >/= 70% coronary artery disease in >/= 1 epicardial vessel on angiography, mean LV ejection fraction (EF) of 24%] that underwent DHE-MRI (Siemens 1.5 T scanner, Erlangen, Germany) from 2003–6 were studied. (Siemens, Erlangen, Germany) from 2005–6. DHE-MR images were obtained in standard long and short axis orientations (covering the entire LV), after injection of Gadolinium dimenglumine using an inversion recovery spoiled gradient echo sequence: TE 4 msec, TR 8 msec, flip angle 300, bandwidth 140 Hz/pixel, 23 k-space lines acquired every other RR-interval, field of view (varied from 228–330 in the x-direction and 260–330 in the y-direction) and matrix size (varied from 140–180 in the x-direction and 256 in the y-direction). For DHE-MRI analysis, a custom analysis package (VPT software, Siemens, Erlangen, Germany) was used to manually delineate endocardial and epicardial myocardial edges. Scar was defined (as % of myocardium in a 17-segment model on custom software, Siemens Research) on DHE-MR images, as intensity > 2 standard deviation above viable myocardium. Transmurality score was recorded in all segments as follows: 0 = no scar, 1 = 1–25% scar, 2 = 26–50%, 3 = 51–75% and 4 = > 75%. Total scar score was calculated as transmurality score for all segments/17. LV volumes, EF, demographics, risk factors, need for cardiac transplantation (CTx) and all-cause mortality were recorded. Figure 1.

figure 1

Figure 1


There were 56 combined events (51 deaths and 5 CTx) over a follow up of 2.6 ± 1.2 years. Characteristics of patients with and without events is shown in the table in Figure 2. On receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, mean scar % predicted events (area under curve 0.62, p median of 2.3 (RR 1.96 [1.13–3.41]) and female gender (RR 1.83 [1.06–3.16]) predicted events (both p < 0.05).

Figure 2
figure 2

Characteristics of patients with and without events.


In ICM patients with severely reduced LVEF, greater extent of myocardial scar on DHE-MRI is associated with worse outcomes, including mortality or need for cardiac transplantation.

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Kwonf, D.H., Halley, C.H., Carrigan, T.P. et al. 1001 Greater degree of left ventricular scar is associated with increased mortality in patients with severe ischemic cardiomyopathy. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 10, A126 (2008).

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  • Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction
  • Cardiac Transplantation
  • Left Ventricular Volume
  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy
  • Myocardial Scar