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1005 Risk factors associated with increased coronary artery wall thickness by MRI: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis (MESA)

Introduction

Coronary artery wall MRI has been shown to demonstrate increased thickness of the coronary wall in patients with clinically documented coronary artery disease.

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between coronary artery disease risk factors as well as imaging markers for atherosclerosis versus coronary artery wall thickness measured by MRI in asymptomatic individuals without known coronary artery disease.

Methods

One hundred twenty three (123) asymptomatic subjects (57 males, mean age 62 +/- 9 yrs, 76 white, 46 blacks) in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) study were enrolled and underwent coronary wall MRI of the left and right coronary arteries at 5 mm intervals using a black blood turbo spin echo technique. All subjects had blood serum testing, blood pressure measurements, and anthropomorphic measurements. Carotid intimal-medial thickness and cardiac CT for calcium measurement were performed according to standard protocols.

Results

In unadjusted models, male gender, diabetes, dyslipidemia, nonzero calcium score and common carotid intimal-medial thickness were associated with greater mean coronary artery wall thickness (p < 0.05) (Table 1). In multi-variable models of traditional risk factors (Model 1), male gender (p = 0.02) remained significant and diabetes history showed a trend towards significance (p = 0.08); coronary calcium score (zero vs. nonzero) or category of calcium score showed no significant relationship (model not shown). With the addition of common carotid IMT to Model 1, greater carotid IMT showed a strong relationship to coronary artery wall thickness (0.43 mm MRI/mm carotid IMT (0.11, 0.75), p = 0.009) that was nearly unchanged with the addition of calcium score status (0.43 (0.11, 0.75), p = 0.008) (Table 1, Model 2).

Table 1 In individuals free of clinical cardiovascular disease, coronary wall thickness by MRI was associated with gender, diabetes and dyslipidemia and computed tomography and ultrasound detected atherosclerotic disease; coronary wall thickness was strongly related to common carotid IMT in multi-variable models.

Conclusion

In asymptomatic individuals free of clinical cardiovascular disease, greater coronary artery wall thickness by MRI was associated with gender, diabetes and dyslipidemia as well as computed tomography and ultrasound measures of atherosclerotic disease burden; overall coronary wall thickness was strongly related to common carotid IMT in multi-variable models.

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Correspondence to Robson Macedo.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Macedo, R., Chen, S., Lai, S. et al. 1005 Risk factors associated with increased coronary artery wall thickness by MRI: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis (MESA). J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 10, A130 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-10-S1-A130

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Keywords

  • Calcium Score
  • Coronary Calcium Score
  • Coronary Artery Disease Risk Factor
  • Coronary Artery Wall
  • Coronary Wall