1058 The extent of tricuspid valve septal displacement adversely affects right ventricular function in Ebstein anomaly: a cardiac MRI study
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance volume 10, Article number: A183 (2008)
In normal subjects, LV contraction contributes significantly to RV ejection via ventricular interaction through the septum. In Ebstein anomaly, the functional tricuspid valve is displaced apically resulting in less shared ventricular septal wall. This and other morphologic factors may contribute to the functional abnormalities of both ventricles which have been reported in patients with Ebstein anomaly.
Using MRI, we sought to quantitatively evaluate the impact of various morphologic parameters on RV and LV size and function in patients with Ebstein anomaly.
The MRI examinations of all patients referred with the diagnosis of Ebstein anomaly from 2000–2007 were reviewed. Inclusion criteria were an apical displacement of the septal leaflet hinge-point of at least 8 mm/m2 and no prior tricuspid valve surgery. Studies were performed on 1.5 T clinical scanners. Quantitative data were obtained from gradient echo and steady state free-precession cine images in 4-chamber and short-axis views. The size and ejection fraction (EF) of the RV and LV were measured by a single observer (WL) by summation of disks methodology. The total RV was divided into a functional RV (from the tricuspid valve (TV) leaflet margins to the pulmonary valve) and an atrialized RV (from the anatomic TV annulus to the TV leaflet margins). Other measurements included the degree of TV septal leaflet displacement (expressed as a percentage of the total ventricular septal length), distance of diastolic bowing of the atrialized ventricular septum into the LV, GOS ratio (ratio of the areas of the (right atrium+atrialized RV)/(functional RV+left atrium+LV) measured on 4-chamber view), and cardiothoracic ratio on an axial image. Regression analyses were used to determine the correlation of TV, RV, and LV parameters with ventricular ejection fraction.
Of the 24 studies identified (age range 0.8 to 54.4 years, median 23.8 years), complete evaluation of the functional RV was possible in 23. Total RV end-diastolic volume (EDV) and EF (mean ± SD) were 189 ± 81 ml/m2 and 44 ± 11%. Functional RV EDV and EF were 131 ± 55 ml/m2 and 45 ± 13%. Atrialized RV EDV and EF were 59 ± 39 ml/m2 and 42 ± 23%. LV EDV and EF were 66+19 ml/m2 and 60 ± 10%. The percentage of septal leaflet displacement was 50 ± 16% and distance of diastolic septal bowing was 0.49 ± 0.39 cm. Percent septal displacement negatively correlated with functional RV EF (p = 0.013, see Figure 1). Percent septal displacement was also negatively correlated with total RV EF (p = 0.008) but not atrialized RV EF (p = 0.20). LV EF did not correlate significantly with percent septal displacement, functional or total RV EDV, functional or total RV EF, diastolic bowing, GOS ratio, or cardiothoracic ratio.
In patients with Ebstein anomaly, greater septal leaflet apical displacement (i.e., less shared ventricular septum) was associated with worse functional RV ejection fraction. This finding supports the repositioning of the TV annulus in the surgical repair of Ebstein anomaly, which may result in an improvement in the LV contribution to RV work.
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Lai, W.W., Powell, A.J. & Geva, T. 1058 The extent of tricuspid valve septal displacement adversely affects right ventricular function in Ebstein anomaly: a cardiac MRI study. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 10 (Suppl 1), A183 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-10-S1-A183
- Tricuspid Valve
- Apical Displacement
- Septal Leaflet
- Ebstein Anomaly
- Tricuspid Valve Annulus