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1066 Analysis of the systemic right ventricle (RV) in patients after atrial switch operation for the correction of complete transposition of great arteries (d-TGA) by MRI

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Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance200810 (Suppl 1) :A191

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  • Muscle Mass
  • Right Ventricle
  • Great Artery
  • Steady State Free Precession
  • Short Axis Slice


To determine morphologic and functional alterations of the systemic ventricle in patients after atrial switch operation for the correction of complete transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA). Right (RV) and left ventricular (LV) volumes were compared with those of normals.


MRI examinations were performed in 37 patients (24 male and 13 female) after Mustard/Senning-operation (MSO-atrial switch) to correct d-TGA. A complete set of short axis slices were acquired using steady state free precession sequences on a 1,5 T-scanner (Gyroscan ASC-NT, PowerTrak 6000, Philips). RV and LV parameters were compared between the patient group and normal values.


Compared to normal values (26 ± 5 g/m2) right ventricular muscle mass of MSO-patients (43.6 ± 16.2 g/m2) was significantly higher. The stroke volume of patients (33.8 ± 10.4 ml/m2) was significantly lower compared to controls (46 ± 8 ml/m2). The mean RV ejection fraction of patients (43,6 ± 9%) was also decreased (normal value: 43–63%). Patients with a stronger hypertrophy of the RV (>40 g/m2) had a significant higher ejection fraction and a significant lower enddiastolic volume than those with RV muscle mass within normal values (<40 g/m2) (Fig. 1). Comparing the RV (systemic ventricle) of patients and the LV of controls (systemic ventricle) a significant lower muscle mass was found in patients (43,6 ± 16,2 g/m2 vs. 87 ± 12 g/m2). We also found a significant lower ejection fraction (43,6 ± 9%) and a significant lower stroke volume (33,8 ± 10,4 ml/m2) in patients compared with controls.

Figure 1


MRI is useful to examine cardiac morphology and function of patients after MSO (atrial switch) for the correction of d-TGA. The RV hypertrophy is a normal adaption due to the higher blood pressure in the systemic circulation. Patients whose hypertrophy of the right ventricular is more distinctive have better heart function and less heart dilatation. The extent of hypertrophy after MSO may be an important prognostic factor to predict the development of RV insufficiency in these patients.

Authors’ Affiliations

Radiology, Heart Center Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
Pediatric Cardiology, Heart Center Berlin, Berlin, Germany
Radiology, Charité, Berlin, Berlin, Germany
Pediatric Cardiology, University Homburg/Saar, Homburg/Saar, Germany


© Hoffmann et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.