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1142 A new approach towards improved visualization of myocardial edema using T2-weighted imaging
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance volume 10, Article number: A267 (2008)
Imaging edema with T2-weighted STIR (Short T1 Inversion Recovery) often results in poor image quality due to low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and cardiac motion sensitivity. An alternative option is to image with AASPIR (Asymmetric Adiabatic Spectral Inversion Recovery) [1, 2] turbo spin echo (TSE). Non-selective spectral excitation of only the fat signal may improve SNR and reduce motion sensitivity. Therefore, we assessed image quality and signal intensity of AASPIR compared with STIR for cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging of the myocardium.
We studied 30 patients (21 males, 46 ± 17 years), referred for cardiovascular magnetic resonance scans for myocardial tissue characterization using both STIR and AASPIR preparations for T2-weighted TSE imaging. All images were acquired with a 1.5 T scanner (Avanto, Siemens Medical Solutions, Erlangen, Germany). Image acquisition was performed in basal and mid-ventricular short axis slices, and apical slices were acquired only if good image quality could be obtained. Signal intensity (SI) of left ventricular myocardium was normalized to skeletal muscle, generating a T2 signal intensity ratio (SIR). Moreover, the SI of myocardium was related to noise, as defined by the mean SI of a region of interest anterior to the chest wall, generating a SNR. Two independent observers assessed image quality and artifact suppression using a 5-class score system.
AASPIR showed a higher SNR for basal (42.4 vs. 27.0, p < 0.001), and mid- (52.8 vs. 31.2, p < 0.001), and apical (55 vs. 27.0, p < 0.001) ventricular myocardium (Figure 1), a higher image quality and a more consistent suppression of artifacts (Figure 2). SIR did not differ between STIR and AASPIR imaging (1.633 vs. 1.626, p = 0.845).
Our findings support the implementation of an AASPIR instead of a STIR sequence for T2-weighted CMR imaging, with increased SNR, and improved image quality.
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Cocker, M.S., Strohm, O., Green, J.D. et al. 1142 A new approach towards improved visualization of myocardial edema using T2-weighted imaging. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 10 (Suppl 1), A267 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-10-S1-A267
- Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
- Turbo Spin Echo
- Signal Intensity Ratio
- Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging
- Motion Sensitivity