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  • Meeting abstract
  • Open Access

2018 Delayed enhancement and edema sequences accurately identifies acute myocardial infarction

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Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance200810 (Suppl 1) :A287

https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-10-S1-A287

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Acute Coronary Syndrome
  • Cardiac Magnetic Resonance
  • Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Acute Coronary Syndrome Patient
  • Delay Enhancement

Background

Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) is frequently used to detect and quantify the size of myocardial infarction. Since no signal intensity difference of the enhanced region is observed between acute myocardial necrosis (AMN) and chronic myocardial necrosis (CMN), edema has been proposed for identification of myocardium at risk.

The aim of the current study was to analyze the diagnostic accuracy of CMR to differentiate between AMN and CMN using edema T2w sequences, hypoperfusion on first-pass enhancement (FPE), delayed enhancement (DE) and wall thinning on cine in patients within acute coronary syndrome (ACS).

Methods

We examined 10 prospective ACS patients with history of CMN (8 male, 2 female, mean age 59 ± 11 years) by CMR [1.5 Tesla Philips Gyroscan Philips Medical System, Best, Netherlands] within three days of acute event (NSTEMI).

We assessed left ventricular function by a steady-state free precession sequences, edema by a T2w black blood turbo spin echo fat suppressed sequence and first-pass perfusion by fast field echo T1w sequences during gadolinium injection. Visualization of myocardial necrosis was performed with inversion recovery turbo field echo T1 weighted sequence acquired 10 minutes after gadolinium injection. Figure 1.

Figure 1

Results

See Table 1

Table 1

Parameter AMN

Sensitivity %

Specificity %

Positive predictive value %

Negative predictive value %

Edema

100

100

100

100

Hypoperfusion

67

50

67

50

Hypokinesia

78

100

100

33

DE

100

75

86

100

Parameter CMN

Sensitivity %

Specificity %

Positive predictive value %

Negative Predictive value %

Edema

    

Hypoperfusion

80

50

75

100

Hypokineisa

100

100

100

100

DE

83

100

100

80

Conclusion

T2w and DE-CMR enables accurate differentiation between AMN and CMN and territory identification of infarct-related artery. Edema indicates a recent infarction with a high successful of functional recovery, absence of transmural infarction identify viable myocardium.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Policlinico Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy

Copyright

© Lanzillo et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

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