- Meeting abstract
- Open Access
2040 CMR measurement of cardiac cycle dependent left atrial dynamics in atrial fibrillation: is it the gold standard?
© Pate et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008
- Published: 22 October 2008
- Atrial Fibrillation
- Cardiac Cycle
- Atrial Fibrillation Patient
- Left Atrial Volume
- Atrial Volume
Left atrial volume (LAV) provides important prognostic information and can guide therapeutic decision-making in atrial fibrillation patients. Left atrial time-volume curves generated using CMR may provide a unique opportunity to simultaneously study left atrial size and function. We sought to determine the relationship between changes in LAV over the cardiac cycle and standard left atrial volume measurements. We additionally sought to determine the contribution of the pumping portion (PEF) of the overall left atrial ejection fraction (LAEF).
While in sinus rhythm, 30 patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation underwent CMR on a 1.5 Tesla Avanto MRI scanner (Siemens Medical Solutions, Erlangen, Germany). Using SSFP (TR/TE 3 ms/1.1–1.3 ms), retrospectively gated, 6 mm thick axial cines with 25–40 frames per cardiac cycle, without gap between slices were obtained spanning the entire left atrium. A non-gated contrast-enhanced MRA in the coronal plane was obtained (slice thickness 2 mm, matrix size 108–156 × 192, FOV 400, TR/TE 2.6/0.9, flip angle = 15°). Time-volume curves were manually generated from the stacked SSFP images using Simpson's method of disks. The time-volume curves for all 30 patients are shown in the figure below. Using the time-volume curves, the overall LAEF, PEF, maximum LAV (LAMAX or α), and pre-atrial contraction volume (PACV or β) were measured. LAV was also estimated from the end-systolic frame of the 2 and 4 chamber SSFP views using the area-length (AL) and ellipsoid models. Aquarius software (Tera Recon, San Mateo, CA) was used to measure LAV from the MRA. Bland-Altman plots and linear regression analysis defined the relationship between the LAV measurements, LAMAX, and PACV.
Left atrial volume changes significantly during the cardiac cycle, and the left atrial pump function contributes substantially to the overall LAEF. Left atrial volumes measured by MRA, the area-length model, and the ellipsoid model underestimate the LAMAX when compared to the gold standard measure of 3D volumetrics by stacked SSFP images. CMR generated time-volume curves provide novel insight into cardiac cycle dependant left atrial dynamics. Further studies will determine if accurate measurements of LAMAX, overall LAEF, or PEF provide prognostic information and better guide therapy for atrial fibrillation and other disorders affecting the left atrium.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.