- Meeting abstract
- Open Access
2067 Scan-rescan reproducibility of left ventricular mass with 3D Cardiac Image Modeling (CIM)
© Cowan et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008
- Published: 22 October 2008
- Left Ventricular Mass
- Mitral Valve Prolapse
- Mitral Valve Leaflet
- Regurgitant Volume
Cardiac MRI intra- and inter-observer errors are routinely calculated to quantify analysis variability. Scan-rescan variability is a more stringent test where subjects are scanned and analyzed on two separate occasions. This incorporates variability due to patient positioning, EKG lead placement, scout and cine image placement, and changes in scan parameters, in addition to the variability in the analysis. This represents the true variability associated with determining patient disease progression or treatment effect in a clinical trial.
Due to the difficulty of controlling loading conditions and their effect on end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes, scan-rescan variability is best determined using left ventricular mass (LVM) which can reasonably be expected to be constant between scans. As this is a difference measurement between both the endocardial and epicardial surfaces it is also particularly sensitive to errors in the placement of these contours.
To determine the scan-rescan variability of cardiac MRI analyzed with the 3D model based reconstruction technique CIM .
25 patients with asymptomatic moderate-severe mitral regurgitation due to mitral valve prolapse were scanned at a two week interval using an SSFP protocol (TE~1.7 msec, FOV~360 mm, slice thickness 7–8 mm, pixel size~1.5 × 1.5 mm, and with ~24 reconstructed frames), as part of a crossover trial investigating the acute effects of Metoprolol (mean dose 119 mg, range 23.75–195 mg/day) on regurgitant volume. The assumption was made that due to the short duration of treatment that changes in LVM were unlikely and there were no major medical events which could be expected to change LVM. Reduced heart rate on treatment was expected.
All cases were independently analyzed by two experienced observers. Cases with discrepancies in LVM of >5% were independently reanalyzed. The final result was calculated as the average of the two analysts (where there was a reanalysis, the results from each analyst with closest agreement in LVM were chosen for averaging). All analyses were randomized and blinded to patient identity, first or second scan, previous results and results from the other analyst.
Scan-rescan variability with SSFP and 3D CIM reconstruction is excellent with an average difference between scans of only 0.6%. Heart rate change did not affect the results. This confirms that smaller sample sizes may be used in trials with primary endpoints of change in LVM.