217 Normal human ventricular volume and mass values in children ages 5–10 years using steady state free precession MRI
© Gottliebson et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008
Published: 22 October 2008
Cardiac MRI (CMR) has become an important modality for the evaluation of children with both congenital and acquired heat disease. However, because normal value references for ventricular sizes and function in children are extremely limited, many pediatric CMR clinicians have extrapolated adult normal reference value data for comparison to their clinical data.
To establish normal values of left and right ventricular volumes and mass in healthy child volunteers ages 5–10 years using steady-state free precession (SSFP) CMR.
50 healthy volunteer children (26 female) ages 5–10 years (mean age 7.7 years) underwent research CMR using steady-state free precession sequences in a Siemens 3 T Trio magnet. Children were allowed to watch video via a modified MRI-compatible display system (Avotec, Stuart, FL); no pharmacological sedation was used. Standard contiguous non-overlapping short-axis cine data sets from the ventricular apex to the base of the heart were performed both with breath holding and again during free-breathing. For the free-breathing component, the SSFP sequence was acquired with GRAPPA parallel acquisition (acceleration factor = 2); image blurring due to chest motion was suppressed by long term signal averaging (Nex = 4–5). Manual analysis was performed by 2 expert observers using Medis MASS (Leiden, Netherlands) software and the modified Simpson's rule to calculate LV and RV volumes and mass. Inter-observer variation was also assessed: 3 "supplemental" expert observers measured the LV and RV parameters on a randomly selected subset of 10 of the subjects (breath-holding sequences only); this data was compared per segment to the data generated on the same subjects by the initial 2 expert observers.
Normal indexed values of biventricular chamber sizes and function are provided. Importantly, there were no significant differences in the measurements of free-breathing functional images with signal averaging when compared to breath-held functional images. Inter-observer differences are acceptable for all segments except the RV free wall mass.
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