Skip to main content

Comparison between single shot ir-steady state free precession and conventional ir-fast gradient echo sequence for automated quantification of the scar size in acute myocardial infarction in daily practice

Background

For scar quantification of acute myocardial infarction traditionally an inversion recovery fast gradient echo sequence is used. During the last years a single shot IR steady state free precession sequence was introduced as an alternative. We performed this study to compare the robustness of both sequences on critically ill patients in daily practice.

Methods

97 consecutive patients with acute myocardial infarction (interval between start of symptoms and intervention below 24 h) undergoing cardiac MRI for quantification of the scar size between October 2006 and October 2007 were included into the study. After application of 0.2 mmol/kg body weight gadopentetate dimeglumine both a standard IR-fast gradient echo sequence and a single shot IR steady state free precession sequence were performed. Image quality was assessed semiquantitatively by two experienced readers using a score ranging from 0 (nondiagnostic) to 5 (excellent). On all images with a score of at least 2 (fair, suitable for automated analysis), the signal intensity of the scar and of a remote region was measured. In addition the scar size was quantified automatically using a cutoff of mean plus 4 standard deviations (sd) of the signal intensity in the remote region.

Results

The image quality score was significantly higher in the single shot sequence (2.6 vs. 1.9, p < 0.001). As a consequence there were significantly more single shot sequences suitable for automated analysis than standard sequences (91 vs. 80 studies, p = 0.009), mainly due to less breathing/motion artifacts. Both signal to noise ratio and contrast to noise ratio were nearly identical in both sequences (14.1 vs. 13.8 and 13.0 vs. 11.6, respectively, both p not significant). On automated analysis, both sequences showed a good correlation with a correlation factor of 1.02 (indicating a marginal underestimation of the scar size by the single shot sequence) and a correlation coefficient r of 0.81. Figure 1.

figure1

Figure 1

Conclusion

The new single shot IR-steady state free precession sequence is more robust against motion artifact, when compared with the standard IR-fast gradient echo sequence. Both sequences show a similar contrast to noise and signal to noise ratio. They correlate well on direct comparison.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Nadine Kirchhartz.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Kirchhartz, N., Hendrich, E., Martinoff, S. et al. Comparison between single shot ir-steady state free precession and conventional ir-fast gradient echo sequence for automated quantification of the scar size in acute myocardial infarction in daily practice. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 11, P111 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-11-S1-P111

Download citation

Keywords

  • Image Quality
  • Acute Myocardial Infarction
  • Motion Artifact
  • Daily Practice
  • Automate Analysis