- Poster presentation
- Open Access
Fast free-breathing planning in cardiac MR imaging
© Basha et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2009
- Published: 28 January 2009
- Cardiac Magnetic Resonance
- Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging
- Cardiac Phasis
- Planning Step
- Spiral Acquisition
Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging is an excellent tool for assessing global and regional function of the heart. It is now regarded as the gold standard for the analysis of ejection fraction, ventricular volumes and for quantification of myocardial wall-motion . However, the initial planning step is time consuming and requires at least three or four breath-holds in order to get to the first targeted slices.
In this work, we propose a fast black-blood pulse sequence which requires a scan duration as short as one heartbeat.
In vivo experiments
During regular cardiac imaging exams on a 3 T MRI scanner (Philips Medical Systems, Best, the Netherlands), the proposed sequence was used for free-breathing image planning on fifteen healthy volunteers. All subjects were imaged in the supine position. Following standard survey images using a scout sequence, two series of planning acquisitions are acquired using regular breath-hold cine and the proposed free-breathing technique. Each planning series starts with pseudo 2-chamber then pseudo 4-chamber and ends with the true short-axis plan. A true four-chamber plan was acquired depending on the need of this plan for the running exam.
The following acquisition parameters were used for the proposed technique: FOV, 256 × 256 mm2; Excited region width, 200 mm; matrix size, 64 × 64; last flip angle , 30°; slice thickness, 10 mm; in-plane spatial resolution, 4–4 mm2. For each cardiac phase, two demodulation images were acquired, for each one 3 spirals were used with acquisition window of 7 msec. This results in a temporal resolution of 42 msec. Depending on the heart rate, 17–25 cardiac phases were acquired. The total scan time was 0.7–1.0 sec.
With the same operator, planning time was reduced from 5 ± 2 min using regular cine images for planning to 2.2 ± 0.7 min using the proposed protocol.
With a relatively low spatial resolution (4 mm), the proposed protocol can be used for cardiac imaging planning without any breath-holds. This helps to reduce the overall scan time and the number of breath-holds in during the exam which is especially important for dyspneic patients.
his work was supported in part by grants from the national institute of heart, lung and blood R01HL072704 and R01HL61912, and Donald W. Reynolds Foundation grant.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.