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  • Open Access

Murine Es-derived cardiomyocytes form grafts and improve cardiac function in the infarcted myocardium

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Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance200911 (Suppl 1) :P174

https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-11-S1-P174

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Embryonic Stem Cell
  • Embryonic Stem Cell Line
  • Murine Embryonic Stem Cell
  • Vehicle Treated Animal
  • Global Cardiac Function

Background

embryonic stem cells (ESC) readily differentiate into cardiac lineage making them a potential source of transportable cells for myocardial regeneration. However the low yield of ESC-derived cardiomyocytes (ESC-CMs) using the conventional differentiation method makes it difficult to perform in vivo study and low enrichment of CMs leads to concerns of teratoma formation.

Methods

a murine ESC line containing puromycin resistance gene under control of a cardiac specific promoter, sodium calcium exchanger (NCX) was used to generate ESC-CMs. ESC-CMs were labeled with Superparamagnetic iron-oxide nanoparticles (SPIO) for MRI detection. Reperfused myocardial infarction was induced in athymic rats. Infarction size was estimated by MRI post-op day1 to exclude animals with infarct size smaller than 10% or larger than 35%of the LV volume. At post-op day 7, labeled ESC-CMs (5–10 millions) were injected into infarction region. Control group was injected with vehicle. MRI scan was performed at post-op day 8 to confirm successful CM cell transplantation. Global cardiac function in ESC-CM and vehicle treated animals was assessed by MRI for 2 months. Immunohistology staining and electrophysiology were performed on postmortem hearts and ESC-CMs, respectively.

Results

a high yield of ESC-CMs was achieved with positive cardiac specific alpha-actinin in more than 90% of cells. The low proliferative capacity of ESC-CMs allows them to retain SPIO for serial MRI tracking. LV ejection fraction in ESC-CM treated rats at 1- and 2-month is significantly higher than that in the controls. IHC demonstrated formation of grafts in the host myocardium and gap junctions between grafted ESC-CMs and host CMs. See Figure 1.
Figure 1
Figure 1

Left-ventricular ejection fraction LVEF changes. The rats treated with ESCM showed much higher the increase of LVEF change than the control rats both at 1 month (p = 0.0003) and 2 months (p = 0.000048), while the infarction size at the day 1 post-op was no significant difference between two groups (20.02 ± 3.11 v.s 19.09 ± 4.72, p = 0.65).

Conclusion

Large numbers of highly pure ESC-CMs were obtained. Preliminary results suggest that ESC-CMs form grafts and improve LV function in the infarcted hearts.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
(2)
National Institute of Aging, NIH, Bethesda, MD, USA

Copyright

© Zhang et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2009

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

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