Murine Es-derived cardiomyocytes form grafts and improve cardiac function in the infarcted myocardium
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance volume 11, Article number: P174 (2009)
embryonic stem cells (ESC) readily differentiate into cardiac lineage making them a potential source of transportable cells for myocardial regeneration. However the low yield of ESC-derived cardiomyocytes (ESC-CMs) using the conventional differentiation method makes it difficult to perform in vivo study and low enrichment of CMs leads to concerns of teratoma formation.
a murine ESC line containing puromycin resistance gene under control of a cardiac specific promoter, sodium calcium exchanger (NCX) was used to generate ESC-CMs. ESC-CMs were labeled with Superparamagnetic iron-oxide nanoparticles (SPIO) for MRI detection. Reperfused myocardial infarction was induced in athymic rats. Infarction size was estimated by MRI post-op day1 to exclude animals with infarct size smaller than 10% or larger than 35%of the LV volume. At post-op day 7, labeled ESC-CMs (5–10 millions) were injected into infarction region. Control group was injected with vehicle. MRI scan was performed at post-op day 8 to confirm successful CM cell transplantation. Global cardiac function in ESC-CM and vehicle treated animals was assessed by MRI for 2 months. Immunohistology staining and electrophysiology were performed on postmortem hearts and ESC-CMs, respectively.
a high yield of ESC-CMs was achieved with positive cardiac specific alpha-actinin in more than 90% of cells. The low proliferative capacity of ESC-CMs allows them to retain SPIO for serial MRI tracking. LV ejection fraction in ESC-CM treated rats at 1- and 2-month is significantly higher than that in the controls. IHC demonstrated formation of grafts in the host myocardium and gap junctions between grafted ESC-CMs and host CMs. See Figure 1.
Large numbers of highly pure ESC-CMs were obtained. Preliminary results suggest that ESC-CMs form grafts and improve LV function in the infarcted hearts.
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Zhang, H., Qiao, H., Yamanaka, S. et al. Murine Es-derived cardiomyocytes form grafts and improve cardiac function in the infarcted myocardium. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 11 (Suppl 1), P174 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-11-S1-P174