Fragmented QRS complexes on a 12-lead ECG as a marker of non-coronary artery disease related myocardial disease by gadolinium delayed enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance imaging
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance volume 11, Article number: P58 (2009)
We have demonstrated that fragmented QRS complexes (fQRS) on a 12-lead ECG correlate with the presence of myocardial scar in coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the extent of fQRS as a marker of non-CAD related myocardial pathology as seen on delayed gadolinium enhancement (GDE) cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) is unknown.
The fQRS on 12-lead ECG was defined as the presence of fragmented QRS, notched R or S wave, or RSR' pattern in at least 2 contiguous leads corresponding to an individual coronary artery region (anterior: V1 to V6 leads, lateral: I, aVL and V5, V6 leads, and inferior: II, III and aVF leads, respectively) in absence of a typical bundle branch block pattern (Figure 1). CMR studies of 91 patients (pts) with GDE (0.1 mmol/kg Gadolinium) and ECG were studied. Presence of non-subendocardial and patchy or diffuse mid to subepicardial GDE patterns was considered abnormal. Pts with CAD, prior myocardial infarction, and transmural/subendocardial GDE were excluded (n = 34).
Of 57 pts (mean age 41 ± 15 years, 41% male), 17 (30%) pts had fQRS on their 12-lead ECG and 8(14%) pts had abnormal non-CAD-related GDE. The CMR exams were performed for dilated cardiomyopthy (n = 9), myocarditis (n = 5), constrictive pericarditis (n = 6), arrhythmia (n = 14), intracardiac mass (n = 7), sarcoidosis (n = 11), and suspected amyloidosis (n = 2) or hemochromatosis (n = 3). Sensitivity and specificity of detecting non-CAD related myocardial pathology by fQRS on ECG were 88% and 80% respectively p < 0.001. Results with analysis of anterior, lateral and inferior fQRS are summarized in Table 1.
Fragmented QRS complexes on a 12-lead ECG is reliable marker of both CAD and non-CAD related myocardial disease with a high degree of specificity to localize the region of the involved myocardium.
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Homsi, M., Alsayed, L., Safadi, A. et al. Fragmented QRS complexes on a 12-lead ECG as a marker of non-coronary artery disease related myocardial disease by gadolinium delayed enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 11 (Suppl 1), P58 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-11-S1-P58