Skip to main content

Magnetic resonance imaging allows acute and long-term identification of myocardial injury in patients receiving pulmonary vein isolation

Introduction

Pulmonary vein antrum isolation (PVAI) is regarded as an effective therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Extension and location of ablation lesions often remain unclear during the procedure.

Purpose

To report a new approach on visualization of myocardial injury using cardiac magnet resonance imaging (CMR) during PVAI procedures, and to compare the results with long-term data.

Methods

Patients who underwent PVAI, received CMR before, at the terminal phase of PVAI, and 13 ± 3 weeks after PVAI. Delayed enhancement (DE) sequences were applied, and maximum intensity projections (MIP) obtained. Myocardial injury size was then measured on manually segmented 3D images by a computer algorithm using dynamic thresholding.

Results

20 patients (13 male, age 62 ± 9 years) received CMR (Siemens Espree 1.5 T, Germany) before, during and after the PVAI procedure. Using DE-MRI, the average lesion to healthy myocardium ratio was 15.3 ± 7.2% during, and 15.7 ± 6.4% long-term after PVAI. Figure 1 shows an example of MIP of a DE scan in 2D (A-C) and 3D segmentation (D-F) in a anterior view pre (A, D), during (B, E), and long-term after PVAI (C, F). Myocardial injury is identifiable as white tissue around PV single ostia (full arrows) and common trunk (dashed arrows).

figure1

Figure 1

Conclusion

CMR is feasible during and after ablation procedures, and allows identification of acute and long-term myocardial injury. Extension of scar tissues seemed to be stable during long-term follow-up. Therefore, this new CMR approach might support current ablation techniques, and thus might improve long-term success of PVAI.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Anil-Martin Sinha.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Sinha, A., Burgon, N., Mahnkopf, C. et al. Magnetic resonance imaging allows acute and long-term identification of myocardial injury in patients receiving pulmonary vein isolation. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 12, P118 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-12-S1-P118

Download citation

Keywords

  • Cardiac Magnet Resonance
  • Myocardial Injury
  • Maximum Intensity Projection
  • Cardiac Magnet Resonance Imaging
  • Pulmonary Vein Isolation