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Peak pulmonary artery pressure may be determined by a multiple regression equation - a CE-CMR study

Introduction

Historical studies have shown delay in transit of contrast agents from venous to arterial side in subjects with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and elevated pulmonary artery pressure (PAP). Cardiopulmonary transit times from cardiac MRI and angiography have been shown to correlate inversely with LVEF.

Purpose

We performed this study to evaluate the utility of pulmonary transit times (PTT) in estimating PAP and correlating them with Doppler Echocardiography (DE).

Methods

We reviewed CMR studies from September 2005 to April 2009 done at a tertiary medical center. First-pass perfusion imaging was performed on 1.5-T Signa CV/I scanners (GE Medical Systems) using a segmented echo-planar imaging pulse sequence with the following parameters: repetition time, 7.7 to 8.1 ms; echo time, 1.3 to 1.8 ms; echo train length, 4 to 8; matrix, 128 × 96; and each slice thickness, 15 mm. All perfusion images were obtained after an intravenous dose of 0.5-1.0 mmol/kg of Gd-DTPA at a rate of 3.0 ml/s in short axis plane only. PTT was calculated as the time difference from the first appearance of contrast in the LV to the first appearance of contrast in RV (Figures 1 and 2). DE done within 26 ± 4 days either pre or post CE-CMR was used as reference standard.

Figure 1
figure1

First appearance of contrast in right ventricle.

Figure 2
figure2

First appearance of contrast in Left Ventricle.

Results

PTT (N = 54) showed significant univariate association with PAP, LVEF, systolic and diastolic blood pressure. With multivariate analysis, PTT remained a significant association in those with LVEF (p < 0.007). Subjects with LVEF < 50% had significant elevation in PAP and increased PTT compared with subjects with normal LVEF. Using multiple regression analysis, we derived an equation to calculate PAP using LVEF < 50% and PTT as shown in Figure 3. The PAP calculated using this equation correlates well (± 5 mm Hg) with the PAP recorded on echocardiography. We prospectively (N = 2) and retrospectively (N = 5) applied this CE-PTT equation with reproducible results in subjects with LVEF < 50% and normal right ventricular function. PTT with a cutoff > 10 secs was shown to have severe left ventricular dysfunction (LVEF < 20%) and pulmonary hypertension Tables 1 and 2.

Figure 3
figure3

CE-PTT equation.

Table 1 Averages of Study Population (Mean ± SE)
Table 2 Comparison analysis of subjects based on LVEF

Conclusion

CE-PTT equation may be useful in estimating pulmonary artery pressures in subjects with decreased left ventricular function. We believe PAP measured using this CE-PTT equation is secondary to left ventricular dysfunction. This CE-PTT equation, useful in estimating PAP in subjects with reduced LVEF warrants additional prospective testing.

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Correspondence to Sudhakar Sattur.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Sattur, S., Kalra, N. & Sorrell, V. Peak pulmonary artery pressure may be determined by a multiple regression equation - a CE-CMR study. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 12, P129 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-12-S1-P129

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Keywords

  • Pulmonary Hypertension
  • Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction
  • Left Ventricular Dysfunction
  • Pulmonary Artery Pressure
  • Doppler Echocardiography