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Peak pulmonary artery pressure may be determined by a multiple regression equation - a CE-CMR study

  • Sudhakar Sattur1,
  • Nishant Kalra1 and
  • Vincent Sorrell1
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance201012(Suppl 1):P129

Published: 21 January 2010


Pulmonary HypertensionLeft Ventricular Ejection FractionLeft Ventricular DysfunctionPulmonary Artery PressureDoppler Echocardiography


Historical studies have shown delay in transit of contrast agents from venous to arterial side in subjects with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and elevated pulmonary artery pressure (PAP). Cardiopulmonary transit times from cardiac MRI and angiography have been shown to correlate inversely with LVEF.


We performed this study to evaluate the utility of pulmonary transit times (PTT) in estimating PAP and correlating them with Doppler Echocardiography (DE).


We reviewed CMR studies from September 2005 to April 2009 done at a tertiary medical center. First-pass perfusion imaging was performed on 1.5-T Signa CV/I scanners (GE Medical Systems) using a segmented echo-planar imaging pulse sequence with the following parameters: repetition time, 7.7 to 8.1 ms; echo time, 1.3 to 1.8 ms; echo train length, 4 to 8; matrix, 128 × 96; and each slice thickness, 15 mm. All perfusion images were obtained after an intravenous dose of 0.5-1.0 mmol/kg of Gd-DTPA at a rate of 3.0 ml/s in short axis plane only. PTT was calculated as the time difference from the first appearance of contrast in the LV to the first appearance of contrast in RV (Figures 1 and 2). DE done within 26 ± 4 days either pre or post CE-CMR was used as reference standard.
Figure 1
Figure 1

First appearance of contrast in right ventricle.

Figure 2
Figure 2

First appearance of contrast in Left Ventricle.


PTT (N = 54) showed significant univariate association with PAP, LVEF, systolic and diastolic blood pressure. With multivariate analysis, PTT remained a significant association in those with LVEF (p < 0.007). Subjects with LVEF < 50% had significant elevation in PAP and increased PTT compared with subjects with normal LVEF. Using multiple regression analysis, we derived an equation to calculate PAP using LVEF < 50% and PTT as shown in Figure 3. The PAP calculated using this equation correlates well (± 5 mm Hg) with the PAP recorded on echocardiography. We prospectively (N = 2) and retrospectively (N = 5) applied this CE-PTT equation with reproducible results in subjects with LVEF < 50% and normal right ventricular function. PTT with a cutoff > 10 secs was shown to have severe left ventricular dysfunction (LVEF < 20%) and pulmonary hypertension Tables 1 and 2.
Figure 3
Figure 3

CE-PTT equation.

Table 1

Averages of Study Population (Mean ± SE)

Patient Characteristic

N = 54

Pulmonary artery pressures (mm Hg)

35 ± 1

Left Ventricular EF (%)

51 ± 2

Pulmonary transit time (sec)

6.5 ± 0.4

Table 2

Comparison analysis of subjects based on LVEF

Patient Characteristic

LVEF < 50 % (N = 15)

LVEF ≥ 50 % (N = 39)

P value

Left Ventricular EF (%)

27.3 ± 2.8

59.6 ± 0.8

< 0.0001

Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)

123.2 ± 6.5

130.5 ± 3.2


Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)

73.6 ± 3.1

75.8 ± 1.6


Pulmonary artery pressures (mmHg)

42.1 ± 3.3

32.1 ± 1.3

< 0.0013

Pulmonary transit time (sec)

8.2 ± 1.2

5.9 ± 0.2



CE-PTT equation may be useful in estimating pulmonary artery pressures in subjects with decreased left ventricular function. We believe PAP measured using this CE-PTT equation is secondary to left ventricular dysfunction. This CE-PTT equation, useful in estimating PAP in subjects with reduced LVEF warrants additional prospective testing.

Authors’ Affiliations

University of Arizona, Tucson, USA


© Sattur et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.