Volume 12 Supplement 1

Abstracts of the 13th Annual SCMR Scientific Sessions - 2010

Open Access

Long-term cocaine use is associated with premature alterations in regional aortic strain and distensibility measured by magnetic resonance imaging

  • Alban Redheuil1,
  • Chia-Ying Liu1,
  • Elie Mousseaux2,
  • David Bluemke3,
  • Joao Lima1 and
  • Shenghan Lai4
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance201012(Suppl 1):P146

https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-12-S1-P146

Published: 21 January 2010

Introduction

Long-term cocaine use has been associated with regional systolic and diastolic left ventricular dysfunction, hypertension and aortic dissection. The repetitive cardiovascular stress induced by cocaine use may lead to premature arterial stiffening but data on this relationship are scarce and inconsistent.

Purpose

We studied the relationship between regional aortic stiffness measured by MRI and long-term cocaine use.

Methods

We enrolled 46 consecutive subjects from an addiction clinic: 33 long term cocaine users (13 men, 20 women, mean age: 46 ± 7 yrs, mean years of cocaine use: 15 ± 8) and 13 non-cocaine users (6 men, 7 women, mean age: 43 ± 9 yrs). Aortic stiffness of the ascending and descending aorta was determined by MRI from aortic strain (AS: relative difference in cross-sectional area) and distensibility (AD: aortic strain normalized by pulse pressure) using an automated contours detection method applied to modulus images of a phase-contrast acquisition perpendicular to the ascending aorta (Art-Fun, INSERM). Blood pressure was measured by a brachial cuff during aortic MRI. Drug and smoking habitus was determined by a standardized questionnaire.

Results

SBP was slightly higher in the cocaine group vs. non-users (130 ± 18 vs. 123 ± 37 mmHg) but pulse pressure was comparable (47 ± 12 vs. 46 ± 10 mmHg respectively) and hypertension was similarly distributed (30% vs. 38%). Total cholesterol was also slightly higher (174 ± 36 vs. 168 ± 35 mg) and current cigarette smoking more prevalent in the cocaine group (88% vs. 30%). Only 3 subjects of the cocaine group were diabetics and no diabetes in non-users. Aortic strain and distensibility were lower in the cocaine group vs. non-users as summarized in Table 1. Univariate analysis showed a negative correlation between aortic strain and distensibility and duration of cocaine use. After further adjustment for age, gender, cholesterol, smoking and diabetes the duration of cocaine use was an independent predictor of descending aortic function with a significant average decrease in strain of 2.5% (p = 0.02) and a trend for a decrease in distensibility of 4.5 × 10-3.kPa-1 (p = 0.14) for 1 year of cocaine use.
Table 1

Comparison of the aortic ascending and descending strain and distensibility of the cocaine

 

Non-Users Controls

Cocaine Use

Ascending Aortic Strain, %

18 ± 4

17 ± 8

Ascending Aortic Distensibility, 10-3.kPa-1

35 ± 13

29 ± 16

Descending Aortic Strain, %

18 ± 6

16 ± 5

Descending Aortic Distensibility, 10-3.kPa-1

31 ± 14

27 ± 13

Conclusion

Long-term cocaine use is associated with premature regional stiffening of the aorta. This association was stronger for the descending aorta for which duration of cocaine use was found to be an independent predictor of vascular function beyond the effects of age and traditional risk factors.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
The Johns Hopkins Hospital
(2)
University of Paris Descartes, HEGP and INSERM U678
(3)
Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, National Institutes of Health
(4)
Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public health

Copyright

© Redheuil et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

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