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Cramer-Rao lower bounds for precision in T2* assessment for myocardial iron overload measurements by T2* multi-echo CMR
© Positano et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010
Published: 21 January 2010
T2* multiecho CMR is an established methodology for assessment of iron overload in heart and other organs. It is commonly recognized that MR sequences used in the clinical practice provide the best precision in T2* measurement in the range 3-20 ms, while an increasing error is expected out of this range. However, the dependence of the expected error from T2* and acquisition parameters is unknown.
The objective of this study is to quantify the precision limit of T2* assessment exploiting the Cramer-Rao lower bounds theory (CRLB).
CRLB provide a fundamental limit to the accuracy in determination of the T2* value from experimental data; for any estimation method, the error in the parameter (measured as the standard deviation or SD) must be greater that or equal to the CRLB. CRLB for T2* estimation were evaluated tacking into account the statistics (i.e. MR signal and noise) of MR images involved in the measurements obtained from image data acquired during the MIOT project. CRLB were evaluated for several echo times configuration used in the clinical setting on GE 1.5 T scanners for iron overload evaluation in thalassemia patients.
GRE Multiecho sequences with minimum TE less than 2 ms assure good precision in T2* assessment in heart for T2* values less than 3 ms. This limit includes almost all thalassemia patient in a large population studied in Italy during the MIOT project. For patients with very high myocardial iron overload or for measurements in other organs with heavier iron overload (i.e. liver) sequences with lower minimum echo time and/or lower echoes interval may be useful.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.