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Prognostic value of right ventricular ejection fraction determined by cardiac magnetic resonance

Introduction

Although studies have shown that right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) is an independent predictor of survival in patients with myocardial infarction and moderate left heart failure, there is scant data available on the prognostic significance of RVEF in patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), partly due to challenges in imaging the right ventricle (RV) due to its amorphous geometry. Recent technological advances in cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) have allowed the RVEF to be assessed with greater accuracy.

Purpose

To assess the prognostic ability of RVEF, independent of LVEF, for the development of cardiovascular outcomes: death, recurrent hospitalization and worsening CHF (New York Heart Association Class).

Methods

We prospectively evaluated 733 consecutive patients referred to our CMR center with the following indications: evaluation of left ventricular function (37%), viability (30%), valvular disease (21%), and other (12%). A comprehensive history and serologic markers (pro-BNP, Lipid profile, and CRP) were obtained on the day of the procedure. Persons blinded to patient data manually performed region of interest curves and the LVEF and RVEF were calculated via computer software analysis. Patients were divided into 4 groups: A) Normal RVEF and LVEF, B) Low RVEF and normal LVEF, C) Normal RVEF and Low LVEF, D) Low RVEF and LVEF. Normal LVEF and RVEF were considered ≥50% and RVEF ≥35%, respectively. Statistical analyses were performed using Kaplan Meier survival curves with the log-rank test and Cox regression analysis adjusting for the relevant covariates. Follow-up data were obtained via phone interview, medical records review when necessary, and the social security death index.

Results

The mean age of the patient population was 59 ± 17 years, 424 were males. The average LVEF was 50 ± 3% and the average RVEF 40 ± 5%. The mean follow up was 14 ± 2 months. There were total of 260 outcomes observed: 62 deaths, 43 recurrent hospitalizations, 155 worsening CHF. Group A had 326 patients, 107 composite outcome, and 14 deaths. Group B had 102 patients, 39 composite outcome, and 7 deaths. Group C had 147 patients, 47 composite outcome, and 7 deaths. Group D had 158 patients, 67 composite outcome, and 24 deaths. The log-rank test showed significance between the 4 groups (p = 0.02). Cox regression analysis adjusting for relevant covariates showed that both LVEF and RVEF were independent predictors of the cardiovascular outcomes (<0.01), Figure 1.

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Figure 1

Conclusion

RVEF, independent of LVEF, predicts cardiovascular outcomes in a selected population of patients referred for CMR.

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Correspondence to Ijaz Ahmad.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Ahmad, I., Rehman, A., Lau, J. et al. Prognostic value of right ventricular ejection fraction determined by cardiac magnetic resonance. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 12, P301 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-12-S1-P301

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Keywords

  • Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction
  • Cardiac Magnetic Resonance
  • Right Ventricle
  • Cardiovascular Outcome
  • Composite Outcome