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Feasibility study of Global-to-Local Tandem Method for detecting the coronary stationary period in whole-heart magnetic resonance coronary angiography (WH MRCA)
© Ninomiya et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010
Published: 21 January 2010
WH MRCA studies are usually performed during the stationary period of coronary arteries, which is determined using cine display and therefore depends on the operator's experience. Several automatic methods have been developed. One such method uses the global heart signal for analysis  and is suitable for detecting motion during all cardiac phases, but this method tends to suffer from noise. Another method employs a ROI for analysis  and is suitable for precise detection of the stationary period, but not for all cardiac phases. We have developed the Global-to-Local Tandem Method, in which the coronary stationary period is roughly analyzed by the global method and then precisely analyzed by the local method. We have also conducted clinical feasibility studies.
2D SSFP cine images were obtained using a 1.5-T MRI scanner with TR/TE = 3.2/1.6 and matrix = 160. A total of 40-50 images were obtained in 10 healthy volunteers. In the global method, the differences between adjacent cine images were analyzed using the whole-heart signal. The local method was then applied by setting a ROI on the coronary automatically or manually, and based on the cross-correlation around the phases determined by the global method. The data for 10 subjects were analyzed by 5 operators, and the stationary period and the time required were recorded and compared by the software. The suitability was obtained as the success rate (%), with success defined as the outcome that the software results were within the range of variation observed among operators.
Results and discussion
The Global-to-Local Tandem Method can robustly detect the coronary artery stationary period in WH MRCA. It is therefore concluded that this method should prove to be very useful for clinical WH MRCA examinations.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.