Skip to content


  • Poster presentation
  • Open Access

Use of HASTE MRI in the evaluation of acute injury to left atrial wall caused by RF ablation

  • 1,
  • 1 and
  • 1
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance201012 (Suppl 1) :P97

  • Published:


  • Atrial Fibrillation
  • Late Gadolinium Enhancement
  • Atrial Fibrillation Patient
  • Pulmonary Vein Isolation
  • Acute Injury


Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac rhythm disturbance affecting more than 2 million people in the United States. Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) procedure using RF ablation has emerged as a new promising treatment of AF. Reported procedure success rates vary significantly with recurrences ranging from 40-86%. With introduction of EP-MRI suites, patients may be re-ablated immediately after assessment of the extent of LA wall injury, if necessary. Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) [1, 2] and double inversion recovery (DIR) prepared T2-weighted (T2w) fast/turbo spin echo (FSE/TSE) [35] were proposed to evaluate acute LA wall injury. The main disadvantages of these sequences are a long scan time and a strong dependence of image quality on heart rate regularity.


Develop a fast imaging technique for assessment of acute injury in patients undergoing RF ablation treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF).


HASTE is a single shot imaging technique with strong T2-weighting. These features of the pulse sequence make it a good candidate for assessment of the extent of LA wall injury immediately after ablation. Twenty-five AF patients underwent pulmonary vein isolation and debulking of the septal and posterior walls. All patients were imaged pre- and immediately post ablation using a 3 Tesla MRI scanner (Verio, Siemens Healthcare). Acute injury was assessed using a DIR-HASTE, DIR-TSE, and LGE sequence coving the entire LA. HASTE parameters were: TE = 73 ms, TR = one respiratory cycle, fat suppression using spectral adiabatic inversion recovery (SPAIR), in-plane resolution of 1.25 × 1.98 mm, slice thickness of 5 mm, GRAPPA with R = 2 and 34 reference lines. DIR-TSE parameters were: TE = 83 ms, TR = 2RR, fat suppression using SPAIR, in-plane resolution of 1.25 × 1.25 mm, and slice thickness of 4 mm. All sequences were respiratory navigated, ECG gated with data acquisition during LA diastole.


Typical DIR-TSE and DIR-HASTE are shown in Fig. 1. Both sequences visualize post-ablation edema clearly. Typical scan time for HASTE sequence was about 2 minutes whereas scan time for DIR-TSE exceeded 6 minutes. Image quality for DIR-TSE was strongly dependent on regularity of heart rate while HASTE sequence gave good images regardless.
Figure 1
Figure 1

Visualization of acute injury of LA wall caused by RF ablation. Top row: DIR-HASTE. Bottom row: DIR-TSE


The proposed HASTE sequence enables a good visualization of injury to left atrial wall immediately post-ablation.

Authors’ Affiliations

University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA


  1. Peters DC, et al: Radiology. 2007, 243: 690-5. 10.1148/radiol.2433060417.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. McGann CJ, et al: JACC. 2008, 52: 1263-71.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Vijayakumar S, et al: SCMR. 2009Google Scholar
  4. Knowles BR, et al: ISMRM. 2009, 487-Google Scholar
  5. Peters DC, et al: ISMRM. 2009, 4433-Google Scholar


© Kholmovski et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.